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فهرست مقالات

consumption deistribution in iran: a statistical overview

نویسنده:

(18 صفحه - از 85 تا 102)

کلیدواژه ها : Income Distribution ،inequality ،social welfare

کلید واژه های ماشینی : Inequality Iran Islamic Republic ،Quintile Group PENNE Shares ،Inequality ،SCI ،Group PENNE Shares ،Table ،This ،PENNE ،GE ،This Iran ،Inequality Iran ،Lorenz ،Gini ،SCIHBS ،Source ،The Iran ،Figure ،Generalised Lorenz ،CPI ،East Asia ،Cowell ،However ،Decile Group ،Jenkins ،East ،Income ،The Lorenz ،Kernel ،Note ،Decile

This paper contains the main results concerning the evaluation of the consumption distribution of Iran in terms of levels, shape, inequality and social welfare for the years 1989 and 1994. The results show that the shape of consumption distribution in Iran is showed to the right and there is a large gap between the average level of consumption in rural and urban areas. Inequality in Iran is relatively high and there were no significant changes in inequality in the whole country during the Islamic Republic’s first five-year plan (1989-1994). This estimates for the whole country masks a decrease in quality of urban area and an increase in rural areas.

خلاصه ماشینی:

"The distribution of vv Table 1: Iran 1989, 1994: Mean PENNE by Decile Group and Areas Decile/ Group rural urban Iran 1989 1994 1989 1994 1989 1994 1 176 149 231 262 197 188 2 273 234 390 401 317 303 3 340 297 513 500 403 391 4 399 360 643 599 494 478 5 467 427 767 709 600 573 6 546 504 918 835 716 682 7 640 603 1097 994 863 821 8 762 730 1362 1220 1073 1017 9 962 951 1774 1600 1438 1345 10 1748 1782 3371 3116 2791 2661 mean 631 604 1106 1024 841 846 median 501 461 841 770 619 625 % of household in the sample 52 39 48 61 100 100 # of persons 34991 44141 27702 60220 62693 104361 Note: all values are in 1989 Rials (1000s of Rials). Table 7 provides the estimates of five measures of inequality mentioned above for the PENNE in each of the two years on which the study is based (separate figures are given for countrywide, urban and rural areas). Secondly, according to SCI’s estimates the Gini coefficient for the years 1989-1994 showed that inequality in rural areas is higher than that of urban areas, but according to my results it is reversed (Table 9 and also see Figure 4 for a comparison of the results during the adjustment policy period). ] Figure 5:Comparisons of Urban and Rural Lorenz Curve in 1994 ______________________________ [1]- I re-estimated the Gini coefficient using the SCI’s unit of analysis (unscaled household expenditure)."

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