Skip to main content
فهرست مقالات

an empirical and theoretical study about the effects of tariff on economic growth

نویسنده:

ISC (30 صفحه - از 105 تا 134)

کلیدواژه ها :

International Trade ،Economic growth ،neo-classical Model ،Openness ،Tariffs ،Technological Progress Rate ،exchange rate depreciation

کلید واژه های ماشینی : Tariff Rate Economic Growth، The Effect Tariff Rate، Run Analysis Long Round Growth، The Effect Tariff Economic Growth، Long Run Analysis Long Round، Trade، International Trade، Tariff، Optimum Tariff، Run Economic Growth

One of the methods for studying the relation between economic growth and international trade is considering the effects of tariff on economic growth. The neo-classical economists believe that free trade not only has significant benefits for every country but for all in the world, therefore, they are seeking for laterally and multi-conceptual omission of trade restrictions and advise on the countries with taking into consideration of specialization to do their best in production and international division of labor with little interferences of government in international trade. In this paper and in order to show the effects of tariffs on economic growth, at first we maximize the household utility function in a neo-classical model. The period of our study is from 1961 up to 1998 lunar. The effects of tariff on economic growth have been considered in two different scenarios. In the first scenario, we assume that exogenous technological progress rate is equal to 2% and depreciation exchange rate is equal to 10%. In the second scenario, the exogenous technological progress rate is 2% and depreciation rate is 5%. The results of both confirm that any trade restrictions may result to a reduction in economic growth rate. In this manner, the effect of tariff rate on economic growth in post- revolution period in comparison with pre-revolution one has decreased due to the result of reduction in degree of openness and reduction of population growth rate. On the other hand, any lower depreciation rate may have a negative effect on economic growth.

خلاصه ماشینی:

"In their studies, neo-classic economists show that even some small trade distorted which the government can create on the way of transactions and international negotiations could specifically cause to reduce the productivity of capital and as a result a reduction in economic growth in a short-time transitional period. In their studies, neo-classic economists show that even some small trade distorted which the government can create on the way of transactions and international negotiations could specifically cause to reduce the productivity of capital and as a result a reduction in economic growth in a short-time transitional period. In their studies, neo-classic economists show that even some small trade distorted which the government can create on the way of transactions and international negotiations could specifically cause to reduce the productivity of capital and as a result a reduction in economic growth in a short-time transitional period. On the contrary of the above mentioned reasons which bear serious disagreement of classic and neo-classic economists, there are different reasons for make use of free trade in economic literature which we can present as follows: 2-2- Current Reasons for Make Use of Free Trade Policies The abstract of discussions made by defenders of free trade is that it causes a real income and welfare for all involved countries with trade, which in itself leads to “division of labor” in the international level and then an increase in production of goods."

  • دانلود HTML
  • دانلود PDF

برای مشاهده محتوای مقاله لازم است وارد پایگاه شوید. در صورتی که عضو نیستید از قسمت عضویت اقدام فرمایید.