eu enlargment: the new member states and agricultural trade potentials
کلید واژه های ماشینی :
In May 2004, ten countries joined the European Union. Most of these countries that are located in the central and eastern part of Europe have different historical background and economic structure, compared to the older EU members. Doubt, the economic consequences of the enlargement of the EU toward Eastern Europe, is one of the main interests of the researchers in recent years and it will be extended well over the first decades of the new Millennium. With the expansion of Eu, the implications of regional economic cooperation and competition for all EU members, in terms of resource allocation, the concentration of economic activities and its welfare consequences, depends upon utilization of economic resources. Effective utilization of resources in turn, rests upon realization and exploitation of comparative advantage in different arrays of economic activity. Given the fact that most of the old members of the EU have relatively a well-established, internationally competitive industrial base, with their manufacturing firms closer to the technological frontier whereas the new members are endowed with more heterogeneous natural resources and more diversified agricultural products, the potentials of agricultural trade seems to exist for the hew corners for the years to come. The main purpose of this paper is to measure the degree and the extent of comparative advantages in agricultural crop production and to compare the results for the old and new members. The Bowen comparative advantage index as well as a simple regression model will be used in this regard. This demonstration will highlight the relative strengths of the new members in exploiting their agricultural trade potential and may help to formulate effective policies for domestic production, distribution and marketing activities in the enlarged EU for further exploitation of potential agricultural commodities trade.
- دریافت فایل ارجاع :
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