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spatial distribution of iranian population in canada: a portrait using the 2001 census data


(19 صفحه - از 159 تا 177)

کلیدواژه ها : Iranian ،Immigrants ،Canada ،Distribution ،CMA ،CSD

International migrants are confronted with a series of complex regulations related to the departure from their country of origin, their arrival in their country of destination, and the conditions of their residency in the receiving country. A rapidly increasing number of migrants today are Iranians. Major destinations of Iranian migrants are Canada, Australia, the United States, and most European countries. This study will focus on the migration of Iranian to Canada. Iranian (also referred to as Persians) is one of many cultural groups in Canada. The purpose of this article is to understand the number and general situation of Iranian immigrants in Canada, and to provide sound and interesting information to Canadian government officials and to the Iranian public in general. Census data 2001 and custom tabulations (purchased from Statistics Canada) will be used to analysis data. Arc View software will also be used for creating the necessary map and figures. Our finding will enable the researchers to provide policy guidelines for immigration and other officials in Canada. It is also identifying avenues for future research on Iranian-Canadian immigration.

خلاصه ماشینی:

"First, the spatial distribution of the Iranian population in Canada including provincial, CMA, intra-urban, and CSD levels will be discussed. At the CSD level, Montreal, Ottawa-Gatineau, Toronto, Calgary, and Vancouver are chosen to portrait the distribution of Iranian in Canada. The total number of Iranian immigrants in foreign countries is estimated as follows: the united States --between 800000 to 1000000, Turkey --between 500000 to 700000, India and Pakistan --between 200000 to 300000, Germany—between 100000 to 200000, France—between 80000 to 150000, Canada--between 50000 to 100000, Scandinavian states --between145000 to 200000, and other European states including Spain and Austria 80000 (Eqbali, 2000). Iranian population in Canada has developed some residential patterns in different provinces, regions, and CMA''''s to gain some pecuniary and non-pecuniary benefits at their destination. 4- The spatial distribution of the Iranian immigrants in Canada In this section, a general overview of the presence of Iranians in Canada will be given using three main geographical levels: province/region, CMAs (Canadian Metropolitan Areas), and CSDs (Census Sub-Divisions) levels. Then, this comparative analysis is repeated at the CMA level to measure the importance of the major Canadian cities as attracting centers for Iranians migrants. For example, Figure 1 shows the importance of the immigrant population in Canada and among Canadian provinces. Table 1 and Figure 3 (all immigrants) show the spatial distribution of Iranian population among province/region of Canada. Almost 95% of the total Iranian population of Canada concentrates in three provinces, Ontario, British Columbia, and Quebec respectively."

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