کلید واژه های ماشینی : The Prime Mode Knowledge Presence، Certain Knowledge Avicenna، Knowledge، Two Types Foundationalism، Keith Lehrer، Trans، Infallible Foundationalism، خلاصه انگلیسی، Epistemological Contextualism، William Alston
") Foundation Theory: Infallible Foundationalism Keith Lehrer Trans by: Alireza Ghaeminia Two fundamental theories concerning justification, which is a basic component in definition of knowledge, are foundationalism and coherentism. Knowledge and Correspondence Abbas Arefi Defining knowledge from the viewpoint of contemporary Western epistemology alongside with expounding its triple basic elements consisting of belief, truth, and justification; searching for roots the said definition in Plato''''s works; dealing with the crisis that definiton encountered when Gettier presented some counter-examples on the one hand and epistemologist''''s attempts to solve those problems on the other; defining knowledge from the Islamic philosopher''''s perspective; and coming to the conclusion that Gettier counter-examples cannot be used against the definition of knowledge in the Islamic philosophy at all and it is Western epistemology that should look for some solutions in this connection are issues discussed thoroughly in this essay."
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