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Three Approaches in Islamic Science: Case Studies in Iran


علمی-پژوهشی/ISC (17 صفحه - از 144 تا 160)

کلید واژه های ماشینی : Three Approaches Islamic Science، Case Studies Iran، What Islamic Islamic Freud، The University Chicago Press، Javadi Amoli، University، These Hawzeh Daftar، This Islamic Revolution Iran، The Quran God، According

خلاصه ماشینی:

"7. Conclusion Based on what has been said so far, in order to establish a religious science, we need to take these steps: 1) To regard the particular teachings of a religion about the universe and the human as underlying assumptions of a scientific theory; 2) to suggest scientific hypotheses about the phenomenon concerned under the inspiration of the religious teachings; 3) to examine these hypotheses experimentally and provide findings and evidence; 4) to organize and systematize the findings in a way that they take a theoretical structure; 5) to use the theoretical structure to explain and predict new phenomena in a prospective way. In addition, it is suggested that religious texts could be used for providing new facts in a number of ways: a) wherever a non-experimental issue (such as spirit) is concerned, we can advance experimental studies by means of dealing with its experimental equivalents (such as bodily states equivalent to the spirit states); b) in cases of explicit statements on a particular phenomenon, we can directly use them as the subject of experimental or quasi-experimental studies; c) wherever scientific points are stated in an implicit way, given that our inference is clear, we can access to some findings by analyzing them; however, if our inference is not clear, then we need to study them by means of other methods [perhaps experimental] and in case of affirmation to accept them; d) finally, we can gather particular scientific points of religious texts and related them to suitable hypotheses to provide theories and to determine their truth or falsity by means of experimental methods. According to this view, an Islamic science requires that, 1) its teachings are regarded as underlying presuppositions of a scientific theory; 2) some hypotheses are suggested inspired by those teachings; 3) these hypotheses are examined and experimental evidence are sought; 4) supporting evidence could be collected; and 5) a systematic whole could be provided by the collected evidence."

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