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Abstracts

علمی-ترویجی/ISC (7 صفحه - از 164 تا 170)

خلاصه ماشینی:

"Basis of Difference Between Inheritance portion of Woman and Man In Islamic law System Seyyed Ahmad Mirhosseiny Inheritance means that those relatives of the deceased who out live him inherit his property and rights by order of law. Key word: Inheritance Portion, Difference, Woman, Man, Basis of Islamic Law System. This article is seeking to study ‘labour relations and labour law’, with special approach, that is, a sociological approach that tend to study the problem of ‘labour relations’ in a multi-perspective standpoint, in order to regulate these relationships more sufficiently, with more reliability, and more adapted to standards of social justice. Finally, considering various types of norms that relating to labour relations, we have emphasized on a methodological position: objective and scientific studies are not enough and we should attend and refer to the documents and reasons that including religious, national, customary and ethnic, and also international norms. Key words: Labour law, Sociology of Labour, Labour Relations, Sociological Approach, Formalist Approach, Normative Positivism, Socio-Legal Theory. The reason for this nonconformity is that the penal and criminal laws of non-Islamic nations has been mainly originated from the opinions and thoughts of their jurists, in other words, it is a product of human research and human compiling – innovating laws are not capable to understand facts of crimes and conform scale of penality with its crime due to limitation of human mind and mixed with tribal and ethnic grudges. In doing so state has the expressive role not creative one, because if social order is considered to be the aim of law, criminal law will be based upon values which are accepted by citizen."

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