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A Comparative Study of Robinson Jeffer''s Poetry and Persian Mystical Poetry

نویسنده:

علمی-پژوهشی/ISC (8 صفحه - از 61 تا 68)

کلیدواژه ها : Robinson Jeffers ،Jalaloddin Rumi ،American poetry ،Islamic mysticism (Sufism) ،Persian literature

کلید واژه های ماشینی : Jeffers، Robinson Jeffers، Poetry Persian Mystical Poetry، Persian، The Jeffers Persian، While Jeffers، Robinson Jeffer، The Selected Poetry Robinson Jeffers، رابینسون جفرز، رابینسون جفرز و شعر عرفانی، شعر رابینسون جفرز و شعر، شعر، شعر جفرز با شعر عرفانی، Rumi، Annemarie Schimmel Rumi، The Loyalties Robinson Jeffers، Schimmel، The Selected Letters Robinson Jeffers، Cited Schimmel، American، This God God، Sufism، Jeffers , Robinson، Kritzeck، In Jeffers، Valley، Jalaloddin Rumi، The Johns Hopkins University Press، Nature Solitude American Literature، Love

Robinson Jeffers (1887-1962), the American poet, is one of the most typical examples of a poet who postulated his own philosophical doctrine and declared it in his poetry. His deep acquaintance with science on one hand and his religious background influenced by his parents on the other resulted in his two-fold philosophy. While bearing in mind some contradictory ideas in Jeffers’ poetry, I intend to compare the most long-lasting notions in Jeffers’ poetry on man’s relation to God/nature and life/death with the philosophic writings and poetic works inspired by Persian mysticism in this short essay. Finally, I will explain how the notion of ‘love’ is introduced in the philosophy of both and what it signifies. The obvious affinities between Jeffers and classical Persian mystical poets with completely separate social and philosophical contexts and in different times manifest that the great themes of love, humanity, God, death, and nature are reflected in very similar manners in both poetic traditions.

خلاصه ماشینی: "While bearing in mind some contradictory ideas in Jeffers’ poetry, I intend to compare the most long-lasting notions in Jeffers’ poetry on man’s relation to God/nature and life/death with the philosophic writings and poetic works inspired by Persian mysticism in this short essay. The obvious affinities between Jeffers and classical Persian mystical poets with completely separate social and philosophical contexts and in different times manifest that the great themes of love, humanity, God, death, and nature are reflected in very similar manners in both poetic traditions. Keywords: Robinson Jeffers, Jalaloddin Rumi, American poetry, Islamic mysticism (Sufism), Persian literature. While bearing in mind some contradictory ideas in Jeffers’ poetry, I intend to compare the most long-lasting notions in Jeffers’ poetry on man’s relation to God/nature and life/death with the philosophic writings and poetic works inspired by Persian mysticism in this short article. (Coffin 1971: 242) Regardless of the few instances when Jeffers declares man to be an all-loveable creature - as in “De Rerum Virtute,” that is in contrast with the other poems in its praise of human subjectivity - on the whole he sees man as an “incestuous little beast who is in love with himself” (Waggoner 1950: 111). (Cited in Schimmel 1978: 333-334) In short, the obvious affinities between Jeffers and classical Persian mystical poets with completely separate social and philosophical contexts and in different times manifest that “love has a hundred different tongues!” (Schimmel 1978: 49) and, All the particles of the world are loving, Every part of the world is intoxicated by meeting."

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