Developmental Stages of Child Language
نویسنده: Rahimpour، Massoud؛
بهار 1383 - شماره 190 علمی-پژوهشی/ISC (14 صفحه - از 95 تا 108)
کلید واژه های ماشینی : Developmental Stages Child Language، Kess، Stork Widdowson، Developmental English، English، By، Cambridge University Press، Psycholinguistics، Sachs، Here
This paper is an attempt to investigate and analyze different categorizations proposed for the early syntactic development stages in L1 and also discuss the characteristics of early child syntax in first language acquisition. Data collected from L1 learners will be presented and discussed from both linguistic and psycholinguistic perspectives. Different approaches to understanding L1 acquisition and processes involved in child syntax will then be reviewed critically. Developmental stages and chronological succession of different stages in the acquisition of English as the first language will be presented.
خلاصه ماشینی: "Just as the caretaker provides extra-linguistic context by limiting the speech of the child to the ''''Here-and-Now'''', the beginning-language teacher provides context via visual aids (picture and objects) and discussion of familiar topics in a manner that allows the learner to comprehend the input. Sachs, in a review of related studies, noted that in conversations between adults and children under 3 years of age, most of the child speech refers to the immediate context. 1 Summarizing the milestones of language development (taken from Stork & Widdowson, 1974) Month Receptive skills Expressive skills 0-3 Recognizes human voice reflex sounds 3-6 Learn to distinguish affection from scolding Babbling begins 6-9 Responds to simple word increasing variety of sounds & reduplication 9-12 Responds to simple comments uses first words 12-18 increasing responses to more complicated sentences 20 words + jargon concatenation The single word utterances of the child may be used in context which would contain different grammatical constructions in the adult language. Stork and Widdowson (1974) argue that according to the innateness hypothesis: Abstract: This paper is an attempt to investigate and analyze different categorizations proposed for the early syntactic development stages in L1 and also discuss the characteristics of early child syntax in first language acquisition. Key Words: Child language; Development; Syntax; Acquisition ___________________________________ * - تاریخ وصول 30/1/83 پذیرش نهایی 24/4/83 ** - Massoud Rahimpour, Ph. D- Associate Professor of Department of English Language & Literature The University of Tabriz"
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