The Impact of Parenthetical Paraphrase,Exemplification, and Repetition on the Reading performance of Iranian EST Students
بهار 1383 - شماره 190 علمی-پژوهشی (22 صفحه - از 131 تا 152)
کلید واژه های ماشینی :
The present study investigated the impact of three lexical elaborative premodification techniques namely, adding parenthetical paraphrase or “priming glossaries”, exemplification, and repetition to seek the differences among them as far as the reading performance of students on them was concerned. These techniques were applied to three texts of general science chosen based on their readability indices and the performance of students on them to gain similar texts. Finally, four versions of the texts, including three premodified texts as well as the original one, were administered to 171 EST students of Iran University of Science and Technology (IUST) and Islamic Kar University, who were almost homogenized by Cambridge Preliminary English Test (PET). The result showed that students performed significantly different and better on parenthetical paraphrase and exemplification versions. Yet, there was no significant difference between their performance on the original and the repetition ones. The findings of this thesis can be important to ESP, EST, or EAP materials developers who wish to expose students to less difficult versions of English texts to enhance their comprehensibility and use intra-lingual translation as a means of improving reading skill.
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