The Effects of Individual and Group Training on General Health and Stress of Parents of Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders
Winter 2015, Volume 13 - Number 4 (6 صفحه - از 110 تا 115)
کلید واژه های ماشینی : Stress Parents Children Autism Spectrum ، General Health Stress Parents Children ، Group Training General Health Stress ، Individual Group Training General Health ، Children Autism Spectrum Disorders ، The Effects Individual Group Training ، This Autism Spectrum Disorders ، In Autism Spectrum Disorders ، Children Autism Spectrum Disorder ، J Speech Lang Hear Res
Objectives: Stress level of families of children with autism is higher than moderate levels. Since the child with autism and the awareness of their disorders severely disappoint the parents, the problems, too much responsibility, and the attempts to improve the child’s situation, which usually fail, gradually increases the feelings of depression, anger, and guilt in parents. This study compared the effects of individual and group training on general health and stress of parents of children with Autism Spectrum Disorders. Methods: A number of 75 parents of children referring to Autistic Children Foundation (including 50 parents in two experimental groups and 25 parents in control group) were taken into account. Participated parents were selected through Accessible Sampling Method. Results: In order to diagnose Autism Spectrum Disorders, questionnaires such as Goldberg-Williams’, General Health, Abedin’s Stress, and Gars’ (Gilliam) were used; while in order to analyze the gathered data, the correlation method (comparison of pre-test and post-test means), independent t- (comparison of control and experimental groups) and one-way covariance (a survey of effects left by individual and group training methods on parents with emphasis being laid on control and experimental groups) were used. Discussion: There was no difference between parents receiving training in group and those receiving training in individual form. With respect to the correlation between general health and stress levels, both group and individual trainings resulted in a raise in general health and stress levels of parents.
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