February 2012, Volume 10 - Special Issue (5 صفحه - از 21 تا 25)
Objectives: Behavioral-based safety is a term used to describe the prevention of accidents, injuries and loss in the workplace. An effective behavior-based safety program relies on engaging employees to understand how unsafe behaviors lead to injuries and how to eliminate them from the workplace. This paper examines behavior-based safety program in a massive construction site. Methods: For this purpose experiment and control groups were selected and performance feedback of workers about unsafe and critical behaviors has been reviewed. Results: Test results show that among the critical behaviors, using ladder correctly among the workers had good feedback, but there is still a problem in concrete pouring behavior. Safety performance index of the experimental group has changed from 66% to 92%. Discussion: Behavioral-based safety, an approach of identifying and preventing accidents, has many advantages. Implementing behavioral-based safety practices in the workplace ensures a protected environment. Observations identify which behaviors may be unsafe therefore the best practices may be developed.خلاصه ماشینی:
"Method: For this purpose experiment and control groups were selected and performance feedback of workers about unsafe and critical behaviors has been reviewed. In the model introduced by Abdelhamid and Everett, unsafe conditions are induced by four major causes include management practices, unsafe acts of workers and coworkers, and inhuman events, which considered as a component nature of construction site. With an overview of available resources in the field of behavior-based safety, it can be seen that safe behavior promotion in the workplace, particularly in the construction sites is considered as a vital factor of health and safety management. Feedback for experimental group during the test toward safety behaviors was conducted and control group without received intervention and of course continued its work. Results The mean scores of the safety performance for both experimental and control groups before treatment step, based on the safety of all workers in the site were derived. 964 After 9 weeks of measurement and feedback assessment of influences of behavior-based safety in the experimental group, the trend continued for more two months. All and all, implementing behavioral-based safety practices in 24٢۴ Vol. 10 – Special Issue – Ergonomics the workplace ensure a protected environment and employees are prompted to work together as a team to help monitor and diminish occurrences of hazardous events."
- دریافت فایل ارجاع :
- (پژوهیار, , , )