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فهرست مقالات

Ergonomic Behavioral and Workers’ Safety Perception in a Khuzestan Petrochemical Company

نویسنده:

(5 صفحه - از 26 تا 30)

Objectives: An effective safety management requires paying attention to human factors. One of the most important methods for achievement to accident prevention is using safety climate or safety culture. Moreover, some studies suggest that in most organizations behavior contributes to 86-96% of all injuries. This cross-sectional study was performed on the functional units’ workers of Khuzestan Petrochemical Company, in 2010. Methods: Data collection tools were safety climate questionnaire that has been presented by Kumar et al. (2009), Ergonomic Behavior Sampling and collected data was analyzed by SPSS 16. Results: With reference to the results of a pilot study, a sample of 1147 was determined for Behavior Sampling. The numbers of returned valid questionnaires were 134 out of 151 and response rate was 88.74%. Questionnaire reliability assessed by Cronbach’s Alpha, was 0.928. Results indicated, management commitment and actions for safety, workers’ knowledge and compliance to safety, and workers’ attitudes towards safety, are those safety climate factors which have obtained the highest correlation coefficient with ergonomic behaviors and as predictors on multi-variants linear regression model for ergonomic behavior forecasting. Discussion: Results showed the importance of decreasing number of workers with negative safety climate. Also, results obligate paying attention to workers’ ergonomic behaviors in the workplace and their promotion.

خلاصه ماشینی:

"Original Article Ergonomic Behavioral and Workers’ Safety Perception in a Khuzestan Petrochemical Company Mohammad Khandan*, MSc Department of Ergonomics, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran Maryam Maghsoudipour, MD Department of Ergonomics, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran Shahram Vosoughi, MSc Deptartment of Health Sciences, Faculty of Health, Safety and Environment, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran Objectives: An effective safety management requires paying attention to human factors. Results indicated, management commitment and actions for safety, workers’ knowledge and compliance to safety, and workers’ attitudes towards safety, are those safety climate factors which have obtained the highest correlation coefficient with ergonomic behaviors and as predictors on multi-variants linear regression model for ergonomic behavior forecasting. Keywords: Safety Climate, Ergonomic Behavior, Petrochemical Company Introduction An effective safety management requires attention to human factors as well as system components which makes risky or safe situations at technical components. 99= the value obtained from standardized normal tables for a given level of confidence, then the total number of required ergonomic behavior observations is derived from (7, 12, 17): 2 working shift group and marriage status were registered through interviews and a special questionnaire. We should The results indicated the importance of attention to safety principles and development of a positive attitude between employees related to safety because of high severity of accidents in petrochemical industry; this protocol would result in safety climate promotion and finally safety culture improvement in KPCo. So, we can focus on these factors: Management commitment and actions for safety, workers’ knowledge and compliance to safety, and workers’ attitudes towards safety."


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