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فهرست مقالات

does economic growth help poor people? evidence from iran in the first five-year plan

نویسنده:

ISC (16 صفحه - از 85 تا 100)

کلیدواژه ها :

Economic growth ،poverty ،Pro poor growth ،pure growth effect ،pure inequality effect ،Poverty indices ،Iran

کلید واژه های ماشینی : Iran ، Economic Growth Income Inequality Iran ، Pro ، Poverty ، This Iran ، Foster ، We Iran ، Thorbecke Iran ، For Iran ، Central Bank Islamic Republic Iran

This paper examines the relationship between growth and poverty in Iran during the first five-year plan. In other words, effort has been made to show whether economic growth in Iran helped poor people or not. For this purpose the concept of pro poor growth has been analyzed with application to the economy of Iran, both in urban and rural areas and in the country as a whole. We use an indicator of pro poor growth in order to determine the degree to which poor people benefited or lost from the economic growth in Iran. The results indicate that during the period of 1988-93, the extent of poverty declined in Iran. The decomposition of changes in poverty into ‘pure growth effect’ and ‘pure inequality effect’ showed that the former effect is negative and the latter is positive both in urban and rural areas and in the country as a whole. Pro poor growth index measured by poverty indices as headcount ratio, poverty gap ratio, and Foster-Greer-Thorbecke index shows that economic growth both in urban and rural areas and in the country of Iran is pro poor. Thus, according to findings in this paper, economic growth helps the poor people.

خلاصه ماشینی:

"Pro poor growth index measured by poverty indices as headcount ratio, poverty gap ratio, and Foster-Greer-Thorbecke index shows that economic growth both in urban and rural areas and in the country of Iran is pro poor. Here we used the new indicator of pro poor growth introduced by Kakwani and Pernia (2000) to analyze the nature of economic growth for the country, urban and rural sectors in Iran. 1 percent during the same period, poverty elasticities have been calculated and the results are shown in the Table 6 For example, the proportion of poor people, as measured by the FGT index declined at an annual rate of 7. Table (7): Measuring of Pro poor Growth Index with Respect to Different Poverty Indices during the Period of 1988-93 Measure of Sector Headcount ratio Poverty gap ratio FGT index Pro poor growth urban 0. Measuring pro poor growth index by different poverty indices in Iran during the period of 1988-93 in each sector urban, rural or the country confirms that the growth is pro poor, but not to a high degree. Thus, between 1988 and 1993 the proportion of the poor people in urban, rural and the country of Iran measured by headcount ratio, poverty gap ratio, and Foster-Greer-Thorbecke index declined. Measuring pro poor growth index by various poverty indices show that the economic growth in Iran either in urban, rural and the country is pro poor."

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