Februaryl 2018, Volume 14 - Number 56 ISC (16 صفحه - از 69 تا 84)
کلید واژه های ماشینی : Cubic Architecture Modern Residential Architecture ، Modern Residential Architecturein Turkey Iran ، Iran ، Modern Residential Architecture Turkey Iran ، Turkey ، Turkish Iranian Cubic Architecture ، Turkish ، By Turkey Iran ، Cubic Architecture Analysis ، Pahlavi Residential Architecture Turkish
By investigating the modern architecture in Turkey and Iran, it is observed that the “modern house” discourse is a major part of the architecture in these two countries. The modern architectural idealists in the Westintroduced residential architecture as the essence of modern architecture and considered it an importantand significant subject. Naturally, this view was influenced by the culture of Turkish-Iranian architecturein the early twentieth century. Therefore, it is necessary to study the effects of modern architecture on theresidential architecture of these countries and understand the reasons for their similarities and differences.Hence, this paper seeks to study the impacts and their causes. The purpose of this study is to investigate theeffect of cubic architecture on modern residential buildings in Iran and Turkey, and presents comparativestudy on the developments in residential architecture of the two countries in the early twentieth century. In this study, the differences and similarities between the underlying factors and the developments ofresidential architecture were have beeninvestigated in two countries. Alao we have tried to present thecomparative study of developments in Residential Architecture in the 1930s, for both countries.In this study, a comparative- analytical research method has been used. Library method has been used togather the information. three buildings from Iran and three buildings from Turkey have been selected todo th comparative study. Then the characteristics were evaluated for the purpose of comparison. The resultsof this study show that, a comparative study on residential architecture from different aspects in the twoperiods of the republic and Pahlavi I, thre is general similarity in follow-up of Bauhaus and expressionismcurrent in the emergence of fundamentally new forms of residential architecture of this period. Cubic houseshave different structural and formal qualities. The structure of the organization of the cubic Plans can bedivided into four categories: Plans with a central plateSoffeh, an inner plateSoffeh, an external plateSoffehand without plateSoffeh that have a mutual relationship with the traditional architecture of these countries.
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