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فهرست مقالات

تحلیل فضایی شبکه شهری و شهرنشینی استان آذربایجان شرقی با استفاده از GIS

نویسنده:

نویسنده مسئول:

علمی-پژوهشی (دانشگاه آزاد) (23 صفحه - از 189 تا 211)

چکیده:

ﻫﺪف اﯾﻦ ﭘﮋوﻫﺶ ﺑﺮرﺳﯽ ﺗﻐﯿﯿﺮات ﻧﻈﺎم ﺳﻠﺴﻠﻪ ﻣﺮاﺗﺐ ﺷﻬﺮی و ﺟﻬﺖ ﺗﻮزﯾﻊ ﺟﻤﻌﯿﺖ اﺳﺘﺎن آذرﺑﺎﯾﺠﺎن ﺷﺮﻗﯽ در دورة زﻣﺎﻧﯽ( 1390- 1375 )اﺳﺖ. ﺟﺎﻣﻌﮥ آﻣﺎری ﭘﮋوﻫﺶ ﻧﻘﺎط ﺷﻬﺮی آذرﺑﺎﯾﺠﺎن ﺷﺮﻗﯽ، روش ﺗﺤﻘﯿﻖ ﺗﻮﺻﯿﻔﯽ- ﺗﺤﻠﯿﻠﯽ، ﻣﺪل ﻫﺎی ﺑﻪ ﮐﺎر رﻓﺘﻪ، ﻣﺪل رﺗﺒﻪ اﻧﺪازه و ﺷﺎﺧﺺ ﻫﺎی ﻧﺨﺴﺖ ﺷﻬﺮی ﺑﺮ ﭘﺎﯾﻪ ﻧﺮم اﻓﺰار ﺳﯿﺴﺘﻢ اﻃﻼﻋﺎت ﺟﻐﺮاﻓﯿﺎﯾﯽ GIS ﻣﻮﺳﻮم ﺑﻪ اﻟﮕﻮی ﻓﯿﺶ ﻧﺖ و اﻟﮕﻮی ﺗﻮزﯾﻊ ﺟﻬﺖ دار ﻣﯽ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ. روش ﮔﺮدآوری اﻃﻼﻋﺎت ﺑﺮاﺳﺎس آﻣﺎر ﻣﺴﺘﺨﺮج از ﺳﻪ دوره ﺳﺮ ﺷﻤﺎری اﺳﺖ. ﯾﺎﻓﺘﻪ ﻫﺎی ﺗﺤﻘﯿﻖ ﺑﯿﺎﻧﮕﺮ آن اﺳﺖ ﮐﻪ در ﻧﻈﺎم ﺷﻬﺮی اﺳﺘﺎن ﻃﯽ ﺳﺎ ﻟﻬﺎی( 1375- 1390 )ﻋﺪم ﺗﻌﺎدل ﺑﺮﻗﺮار ﺑﻮده و ﺗﻤﺮﮐﺰ ﺟﻤﻌﯿﺖ و ﻓﻌﺎ ﻟﯿﺘﻬﺎ در ﺷﻬﺮ ﺗﺒﺮﯾﺰ و اﻓﺰاﯾﺶ ﻣﻘﯿﺎس ﻓﻀﺎﯾﯽ ﺷﻬﺮ در ﮐﻞ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ ﺗﻤﺎم ﻓﻌﺎ ﻟﯿﺖ ﻫﺎی اﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﯽ- اﻗﺘﺼﺎدی ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ ﺷﻬﺮی را ﺗﺤﺖ ﺗﺄﺛﯿﺮ ﻗﺮارداده و ﻣﻮﺟﺐ ﺗﺮاﮐﻢ ﻓﻀﺎﯾﯽ، ﮐﺎرﮐﺮد ﻫﺎی ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ ای ﺑﺎ ﻣﺮﮐﺰﯾﺖ ﺗﺒﺮﯾﺰ ﮔﺮدﯾﺪه اﺳﺖ. ﻫﻤﭽﻨﯿﻦ ﺑﺮرﺳﯽ ﻣﯿﺰان ﺗﻮزﯾﻊ ﺟﻤﻌﯿﺖ ﺑﺮ اﺳﺎس اﻟﮕﻮی ﻓﯿﺶ ﻧﺖ و ﺗﻮزﯾﻊ ﺟﻬﺖ دار ﻧﺸﺎن دﻫﻨﺪه آن اﺳﺖ ﮐﻪ در ﺳﺎل 1375 ﻣﯿﺰان ﺗﻮزﯾﻊ ﺟﻤﻌﯿﺖ ﻣﺘﻌﺎدل ﺑﻮده وﻟﯽ در ﺳﺎل 1385 ﺑﻪ ﺗﺮﺗﯿﺐ ﺷﻬﺮﻫﺎی ﺑﻨﺎب، ﻣﻠﮑﺎن، ﻟﯿﻼن، ﻋﺠﺐ ﺷﯿﺮ و در ﺳﺎل 1390 ﺷﻬﺮﻫﺎی ﺗﺒﺮﯾﺰ، ﺑﻨﺎب، ﻣﻠﮑﺎن، ﻟﯿﻼن، ﻋﺠﺐ ﺷﯿﺮ ﺑﯿﺸﺘﺮﯾﻦ ﻣﯿﺰان ﺟﻤﻌﯿﺖ را داﺷﺘﻪ اﻧﺪ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﯿﻦ ﺟﻬﺖ ﺗﻮزﯾﻊ ﺟﻤﻌﯿﺖ در اﺳﺘﺎن آذرﺑﺎﯾﺠﺎن ﺷﺮﻗﯽ در ﻃﯽ ﺳﺎل ﻫﺎی ( 1390- 1375 )از ﺟﻨﻮب ﻏﺮﺑﯽ ﺑﻪ ﺳﻤﺖ ﺷﻤﺎل ﺷﺮﻗﯽ ﺑﻮده اﺳﺖ.

The purpose of this study is to investigate changes in the system of urban hierarchy and to distribute the population of the East Azarbaijan province during the period (1996-2011). Statistical population of the research is East Azarbaijan urban areas, descriptive-analytical research method, used models, ranking model and urban indexes based on the GIS software called the Fisheye pattern and distribution pattern. The data gathering method is based on the available statistics from three overviews. The results of the research indicate that in the urban system of the province during the period (1996- 2011) there is an imbalance and the concentration of population and activists in Tabriz city and increasing the spatial scale of the city in the whole region all the socio-economic activities of the metropolitan area The effects of the spatial density and regional functions with the center of Tabriz have been investigated. Also, the population distribution based on the shape of the net shell and the directional distribution indicates that in 1996 the population distribution was balanced, but in 2006, respectively The cities of Bonab, Malekan, Lilan, Ajabshir and in 2011 the cities of Tabriz, Bonab, Malekan, Lilan, Ajabshir Most of the population were also distributed to the population in East Azerbaijan province in years (1996-2011) has been from the southwest to the northeast.

کلیدواژه ها:

GIS ،آذرﺑﺎﯾﺠﺎن ﺷﺮﻗﯽ ،ﻣﺪل رﺗﺒﻪ| اﻧﺪازه ،اﻟﮕﻮی ﻓﯿﺶ ﻧﺖ ،ااﻟﮕﻮی ﺗﻮزﯾﻊ ﺟﻬﺖ دار

pattern Create Fish net ،pattern Directional Distribution ،GIS ،Rank ،East Azarbaijan ،size model


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