ANNALS OF APPLIED SPORT SCIENCE–Special Issue
First National Congress of
"New Scientific Consequence for Iran’s Sport Development" Lahijan Branch, Islamic Azad University, 2014, 10-11 December
w w w . aas s j our nal. c om
ISSN (Online): 2322 – 4479
The Relationship between Sources of Control
and Loneliness in Disabled Athletes and
1Amir Hossein Ghirbani∗, 2Hasan alikhani, 1Javad Parhizkar Kohnehoghaz
1. PhDs of motor behavior, department of physical education, science and research branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
2. Assistant professor of motor behavior, department of physical education, Lahijan branch, Islamic Azad University, Lahijan, Iran
With the appearance of the lesions and symptoms of physical weakness self-reliance of disabled people has been precarious. Recent findings suggest that exercise have close relationship with psychological conditions improvement, including emotional states and self-knowledge, and physical exercise is a proper way to achieve the proper mental conditions (1-3). The need to exercise and its health impact on people with disabilities is felt much more than healthy people.
As mentioned in the literature on loneliness: 1. Personal experience is not visible to others, 2. In general, engenders from lack of personal relationships, and 3. is an unpleasant condition.
On the other hand, one particular and important concept of ratter social learning theory is source of control. This concept has two dimensions: internal and external. People With the external sources of control believe that their success or failure are handled by external factors such as fate, luck, chance, and powerful unpredictable environmental forces, but people with internal sources of control believe that their actions and abilities determine their success or failure.
Amir Hossein Ghorbani