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فهرست مقالات

Assessing Demographic Characteristics and Main Reasons for not Participating in Sport Activities within Pregnant Women Referring to Health Centers in Gorgan

نویسنده:

(4 صفحه - از 315 تا 318)

خلاصه ماشینی:

"c om ISSN (Online): 2322 – 4479 Assessing Demographic Characteristics and Main Reasons for not Participating in Sport Activities within Pregnant Women Referring to Health Centers in Gorgan Fatemeh Islami∗ Department of Physical Education, Golestan University, Gorgan, Iran. The research tools include the researcher-made questionnaire consisting of two parts: 1) Questionnaire of demographic characteristics and 2) the questionnaire of main reasons for not participating in the sport activities in pregnancy. 05) between the reasons for not participating in the sport activities and demographic variables including age, education level of the individual and the spouse, number of pregnancies, abortion, successful pregnancies, delivery and type of delivery (natural or cesarean). (2010) (4) noted fear of harm or fear of harm to the fetus in pregnant women was the main reason for not participating in the sport activities especially in people who have had abortion themselves or their friends."

صفحه: از 315 تا 318
315 Annals of Applied Sport Science , Spring 2015, Volume 3 - Number 9

316 Annals of Applied Sport Science , Spring 2015, Volume 3 - Number 9

317 Annals of Applied Sport Science , Spring 2015, Volume 3 - Number 9

CONCLUSIONS‌

Fear of harm to the fetus was‌ the‌ main‌ reason for not participating in the sport‌ activities‌ (31.1%). Ribeiro and Milan (2011) (3) noted barriers to exercise during pregnancy such as‌ not‌ having enough time (8/55 percent‌), feeling‌ tired (18‌.6%), discomfort‌ and‌ convenience (14.2 %), disliking sports (12.4%) and‌ lack‌ of adequate information (1.7%), and fear of injury (1.3% ). Hegaard, et al. (2010) (4) noted‌ fear‌ of harm or fear of harm‌ to the fetus in‌ pregnant‌ women was the main reason‌ for‌ not participating in the sport activities especially in people who have had abortion‌ themselves‌ or their friends. Weir and‌ colleagues‌ (2010‌) (5) divided reasons for‌ not‌ participating in the sport‌ activities‌ in two categories: motivation to contribute to both intrinsic (physical and mental) and extrinsic‌ motivation‌ (work, family, time, and environment). A problem‌ associated‌ with pregnancy‌ such‌ as‌ disease, lack of energy‌, lack of comfort due to the large size of the abdomen and weight gain, lack‌ of‌ confidence, enthusiasm and potential dangers of‌ the‌ sport‌ of‌ issues‌ related to the‌ inner‌ motivation are reasons for not participating in sport activities. Lack of time, lack of proper exercise‌ classes‌ for‌ pregnant women, weather, financial problems and lack‌ of‌ exercise‌ are‌ important‌ factors‌ motivating foreign midwives to recommend exercise barriers. This is where the need to educate and raise awareness of women and encouraging them to exercise and athletic performance‌ more than ever is seriously felt. The author recommends that researchers and health care professionals pregnancy and behavior in an effort to increase women's sports, women's beliefs about exercise as‌ a framework‌ for designing intervention programs.

REFERENCES

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Women’s health ,2004;49:38-14 .

2- Abedzadeh M., Taebi M., Sadat Z., Saberi F., Knowledge and‌ Performance‌ of Pregnant Women Refferring to

Shabihkhani Hospital on Exercise During Pregnancy and Postpartum Periods. Jahrom Medical Journal : Winter;

2011, Volume 8, Number 4, Page 43‌ To‌ 48.

3- Ribeiro, C and Milanez, H. Knowledge‌, attitude‌ and practice of women in Campinas, So Paulo, Brazil with respect to physical exercise in pregnancy: a descriptive study.Reproductive Health, 2011; 8:31:1-7.

4- Hegaard, H. Kjaergaard‌, H. Damm‌, P. Petersson1, K and Dykes1,A. Experiences‌ of‌ physical activity during pregnancy in Danish nulliparous women with a physically active life before pregnancy. A qualitative study. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth, 2010;10:33; 1-10.

5- Weir, Z. Bush, B. Robson, S. Parlin, C. Rankin1, J and‌ Bell‌, R. R Physical activity in pregnancy: a qualitative study

of the beliefs of overweight and obese pregnant women. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth, 2010;10;18: 1-7.

318 Annals of Applied Sport Science , Spring 2015, Volume 3 - Number 9