ANNALS OF APPLIED SPORT SCIENCE–Special Issue
First National Congress of
"New Scientific Consequence for Iran’s Sport Development" Lahijan Branch, Islamic Azad University, 2014, 10-11 December
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ISSN (Online): 2322 – 4479
The Effects of Ginger Extract on Biochemical and Functional Symptoms of Delayed Onset
1Khadijeh Hoseinzadeh*, 2Hamid Alizadeh, 3Farhad Daryanoosh,
4Parvin Javad Baghdasar
1. Department of Physical Education and Sport Science, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran.
2. Department of Physical Education and Sport Science, Mazandaran University, Mazandaran, Iran.
3. Department of Physical Education and Sport Science, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran.
4. Molavai Laboratory, Shiraz, Iran.
Delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS) is an unfavorable and unsightly feeling with pain and
muscle stiffness consequence of strenuous unaccustomed physical activity chiefly eccentric exercise. Numerous treatment strategies include nutritional supplements, herbal remedy, pharmacological treatments using non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) has been used (1-3). Zingiber officinale, commonly known as ginger has shown analgesic and anti- inflammatory effects. Ginger inhibits the production of immune-system components called cytokines cause inflammation (4,5).
Thirty six non-athlete college students (women) volunteered to participate in this study and
divided to three groups randomly including: GIBE (Ginger Iintake Before Eccentric exercise, n=12), GIAE (Ginger Intake After Eccentric exercise, n=12), and PL (placebo, n=12). The exercise consisted of a 20 minute step test using a 46cm step at a rate of 15 steps per minute (6). Subjects consumed one capsule containing either 60 mg of ginger extract (equivalent 2 g dried ginger) or 2 g of lactose (placebo) with 250 ml of water. Subjects ingested second capsules immediately after exercise. IL-6 and CPK (in blood samples), pain, range of motion of hip joint (ROM), thigh muscle circumference, thigh strength were measured before exercise and 1, 24 and
48 hours after exercise.