The Major Determinants of Sustainable Development in Selected Pacific, East and West Asian Countries
Autumn 2011 & Winter 2012, Volume 39 - Number 2 علمی-پژوهشی/ISC (8 صفحه - از 55 تا 62)
کلید واژه های ماشینی : The Major Determinants Sustainable Development ، Sustainable Development Selected Pacific ، East West Asian Countries ، It Economic Indicators Sustainable Development ، AHP ، East West Asian Analytical Hierarchy ، Analytical Hierarchy Process ، West Asian Analytical Hierarchy Process ، World Commission Environment Development ، FDI
Sustainable development is a Controversial concept which has been considered over the three decades. It is comprehensive development and includes all of dimensions as "economic’’, "social’’ and ‘‘environmental’’. In economic objective, it requires substantial economic change that can be brought about by investment and trade. They are effective factors of sustainable development for all countries. This paper provides useful information of these issues. We analyze the relationships between trade, investment and sustainable. Using the average of annual time series data from 1990 to 2009, we apply Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) to countries classification. The results indicated that economic factors are key criteria to achieve sustainable development while China has the highest priority among the selected countries.خلاصه ماشینی:
"The results indicated that economic factors are key criteria to achieve sustainable development while China has the highest priority among the selected countries. Goal Sustainable Development Level 1 Economic Social Environmental Level 2 Eco. Indicators Social Indicators Env. Indicators Fig. 1: AHP hierarchy structure Source: Quaddus and Siddique (2001) For achieving better and accurate results, we must adopt appropriate and more criteria that can cover the main goal. These countries are introduced in Table (1): Table (1): Selected Pacific, East and West Asian countries Australia China Fiji Indonesia Iran, Islamic Rep. Japan Jordan Korea, Rep. Malaysia Mongolia New Zealand Papua New Guinea Philippines Saudi Arabia Solomon Islands Syrian Arab Republic Thailand Tonga Turkey Vietnam Source: Authors Now, a new and modified form of Figure (1) is shown in Figure (2), finalizing the AHP hierarchy structure Goal Sustainable Development Level 1 Economic social Environmental Level 2 FDI Trade Health (Life Expectancy) CO2 Emission Figure (2): Final AHP hierarchy structure Source: Authors In pair-wise comparisons level of AHP method, criteria compare to each other. For the countries that are the same in economic criteria, the determinants of sustainable development are social and environment factors. Conclusion In this paper, considering important and effective determinants of sustainable development, we have arranged the selected Pacific, East and West Asian countries by using the Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) method. Sub-Criteria were extracted in Foreign Direct Investment, Trade, Life Expectancy and Co2 Emissions involved in Sustainable Development, and were selected from the economic, social and environmental aspects."
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