تجربه دینی اسلامی
نویسنده: لگنهاوزن، محمد؛
بهار 1383 - شماره 38 ISC (32 صفحه - از 8 تا 39)
"Taylor concludes his little book by mentioning three things we might miss if we restrict our view of religion to what James presents: (1) our connection to the sacred might be communally mediated even if it is kept out of politics; (2) religious identity can have social and political importance for people regardless of how spiritual they are; and (3) rigorous spiritual discipline may be adopted as an important way of responding to religious intuitions. James attention to the private inner realms of religious feeling reflects the combination in his own personality of dissatisfaction with the public expressions of religion in rites and institutions, rejection of the philosophical theologies then current, and anti-clericalism together with a strong sense of personal piety. Be that as it may, James takes from Ghazali the claim that some sort of knowledge is available by means of religious experience to those who follow the Sufi path, and that this knowledge is incommunicble, which is the keynote of all mysticism. While there is nothing intrinsically objectionable about the application of his concept of religious experience to Islam, the tendency exhibited by James to ignore those aspects of religion that are not oriented toward individual subjective experience, such as the institutional and dogmatic elements of religion, is an obstacle to gaining an adequate understanding of religion in general, as Geertz and Taylor have pointed out, and is likewise problematic for the study of the specific religions, including Islam, in particular."
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