islamic economy and its relation with economics
نویسنده: rahimi boroujerdi، alireza؛
بهار 1385 - شماره 16 ISC (26 صفحه - از 85 تا 110)
کلید واژه های ماشینی : Economics، The Basic Postulates Economic Theory، Significance Basic Postulates Economic Theory، Scientific، According، Therefore، Popper، What Relationship Economics Islamic Economics، The Logic Scientific Discovery، Science، And، The Methodology Economics، The Basic Economic Theory، Methodology Positive Economics، On، The Methodology Scientific Research، An، Essay Nature Significance Economic Science، In The Structure Scientific، The Significance Basic Postulates، Methodology Economics Social Sciences، Friedman، Hutchison، The Structure Science، The Growth Scientific Knowledge، Muslim، Research Methods Islamic Economy، Koran، Margins Precision Essays Logic، This Islamic Muslim
The re-evaluation of the scientific method at the 20th century marked the inductive method as the scientific reasoning. In the contemporary science, the falsifiability plays an important role. Particularly, the science is considered to be a collection of proposition which describe the observational realities which can be falsify throughout the empirical experiments. Economics as a contemporary science uses the falsification to falsify its own propositions through experiments. According to contemporary science, the Islamic economy on the other hand, is not categorized as sciences and does not posses scientific features. Furthermore, except for and prediction to study the human behaviour. In fact, economics comparative concepts, it presents a different methodology for the study of its propositions. In Islamic economy, there are fixed and changeable this economy to converse "what it is" to "what it ought to be" This system presents the best economic system according to human nature and divine rules and formulates the new concepts and principles. Comparative concepts of Islamic economy lack scientific qualities and explain the behavioral patterns that are based on premises.
خلاصه ماشینی: "The method of Islamic economy differs form the methodology of positive and normative economics and as interpreted by contemporary science, it has no scientific basis, lacks scientific characteristics and thus does not fall into one category. In ‘Brief Survey of the Principles of Islamic Economy’ Shahid Mutahari states concerning formulating a proper economic system, “Economic relations are of two types: one set of natural rules and principles governing human relations which derive from the causality of objects and similar to rules governing nature of which empirical sciences speak (positive economics) another type of economic relations is the conventional relation whence the laws pertaining to rights and personal or common possessiveness , ______________________________  - Mutahari, M. Comparative concepts are of subtle importance in Islamic economy and the researcher should not only have a powerful scientific background but should be able to derive his personal understanding of the principles of the Koran and hadiths and should have recourse to the opinions of the experts in ijtehad so that he may not fall into pitfalls and may not wrongly interpret his surroundings and realities which are contrary to Islam. with the acceptance of the hypothesis of comparative concepts, Islamic economy is enabled to debate concerning ‘what it is’ and ‘what it ought to be’, to present the best economic system in accordance with human nature and divine commands and to formulate new concepts and theories and/or to switch them to its use or make them correspond with Islamic generals and ethics."
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