Prediction of Rehabilitation Nurses’ Psychological Well-Being by Personality Traits and Defense Mechanisms
Winter 2015, Volume 13 - Number 4 (6 صفحه - از 40 تا 45)
Objectives: In clinical practice, nurses who have shown consternation at the psychological well being are more motivated in practice. The stigma of needing mental health care remains a concern for most people. The purpose of the study was to predict the psychological well-being of rehabilitation nurses based on personality traits and defense mechanisms. Methods: In a co relational research, the participants consisted of all married female nurses in rehabilitation hospitals of the Qom city. The sample size estimated by Tabachnik and Fidel method 114 and with Overestimate attain to 120 people. The participants were selected by cluster random sampling method. Data collected by Ryff's Scales of Psychological well-being, Big Five Personality Inventory short form (NEO FFI) and defense style questionnaire (DSQ - 40). Data analyzed by Pearson correlation coefficient and multivariate regression by the use of SPSS software (V20). Results: Analysis of research data indicated that traits of extroversion (P 0.01), neuroticism (P 0.01), agreeableness (P 0.01), mature defensive style (P 0.01) and immature defense style (P 0.01) could explain variance of psychological well-being of nurses significantly. Discussion: Considering to the findings of this research can concluded that personality traits and defense styles be able to predict the psychological well-being significantlyخلاصه ماشینی:
"The purpose of the study was to predict the psychological well-being of rehabilitation nurses based on personality traits and defense mechanisms. Finally, according to reviewed above and as well as Robert McCrea, Paul Costa and Bush theoretically believe that understanding how the combination of personality traits and defense mechanisms in prediction of phenomena such as mental health and life success is very important. Considering the lack of coherent research that examines these variables together, this study was performed aims to predict the psychological well-being of nurses based on personality traits and defense styles. The results of Table (2) shows that correlation coefficient between the components of personality traits (extraversion, neuroticism, conscientiousness Agreeableness) and components of defense styles (mature, immature and neurotic) with psychological well-being of nurses is significant. Discussion The present study purpose to predict psychological well-being of nurses based on personality traits and defense style. The results of this study revealed that among five personality traits, traits of extraversion, neuroticism and agreeableness, and among defensive style, the styles of mature and immature can significantly explained the variance of psychological well-being. Result of this study consistent with results of the study of (7), which showed the trait of agreeableness significant negatively correlated the autonomy, environmental mastery, self-acceptance, positive relations with others, personal growth and purpose life. Conclusion Results indicated that considering that nurses experience same and difficult working conditions, personality traits and defense mechanisms could explain and predict psychological well-being. [A Comparative Study of Personality Traits and Defense Styles in Depressed and Non-Depressed Patients Referred to Hospitals Affiliated with The University of Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences (Persian)]."
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