Role of internal and external religious beliefs in Mental Health and rate of depression in elderly people
September 2007 - Number 5 & 6 (6 صفحه - از 24 تا 29)
Objectives: The present research is aimed at surveying the role of (internal and external) religious orientation in the mental health and the extent of depression in elderly people residing in welfare centers and the society. Methods: The study has been conducted through post-event and correlation method by using stochastic and cluster sampling in 230 cases of elderly people at senior citizens` homes, affiliated with the Welfare Organization, and public places (mosques and parks) which are gathering centers for the elderly people of society, both male and female. The cases were initially screened in terms of recognition complications. Then 28-question tests on general health and depression of Beck and Alport`s test on religious approach were completed and the results were analyzed by using Pierson and Manvitni`s dependent statistical tests. Results: Results showed that there is a significant correlation between the religious orientation and depression of the elderly people. That is, the more the scores of external religious orientation rise, the more the scores of disorder in mental health and depression increase. There is also a meaningful difference between mental health, depression and religious orientation of the elderly people who are residence and non-residence of the society. That is, the elderly people who live in the centers enjoy a more external religious orientation and disorder of mental health and more depression as compared to the group of the elderly people residing in the society. Discussion: The external religious belief has a correlation with disorder in the mental health and depression as well as internal religious belief. Moreover, mental disorders and depression among the resident elderly people are higher than non residents, while resident elderly people have a more external religious approach.خلاصه ماشینی:
"University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Science, Tehran, Iran : The present research is aimed at surveying the role of (internal and external) religious orientation in the mental health and the extent of depression in elderly people residing in welfare centers and the society. Materials and Methods The study has been conducted through post-event and correlation method by using stochastic and cluster sampling in 230 cases of elderly people at the senior citizen homes, affiliated with the Welfare Organization, and public places (mosques and parks) which are centers of gathering of the elderly people of the society, both male and female, and the samples initially underwent general health tests GHQ and depression tests of Beck "BDI and test of religious approaches (internal and external of Alport EIR) and brief mental and clinical examination (MMSE) along with the completion of a form of particulars, and then related data was collected and upon gradation with correlative statistical tests of Pierson, and a common assessment variance, the results were analyzed. 4- Zanjani, Habibollah (2000), inaugural speech at the First International Conference on Old Age in Iran, collection of papers on old age, Tehran, Group of Benevolent Ladies, S H 5- Navaei Nejad, Shokouh (2000), psychology of elderly people and methods of promoting their mental health, collection of papers, Tehran, Group of Benevolent Ladies, p 1-10 6- Kaplan, Harold, Sadok, Benjami James, (2000) psychiatric summary; behavioral science/clinical psychiatric, tables, translated by Nosratollah Pourafkari, Tabriz, Sharab Publications, beginning 7- Bolhari, Jafar, Nouri Ghasemabadi, Robabeh, Ramezani Farani, Abbas, (1999) Quranic verses in the area of mental health, Tehran, Tehran Institute of Psychology, center for joint cooperation of World Health Organization in mental health 8- Ebrahimi, Amrollah, Nassiri, Hamid (1997), a survey on relation between the extent of depression of elderly people residing in old age homes and their religious outlooks and performances, Esfahan, research report by behavioral science research Centers in the Islamic Domain, vice-chancellor office, Esfahan University of Medical sciences ."
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