Relationship between Working Memory, Auditory Perception and Speech Intelligibility in Cochlear Implanted Children of Elementary School
March 2016, Volume 14 - Number 1 (8 صفحه - از 35 تا 42)
Objectives: This study examined the relationship between working and short-term memory performance, and their effects on cochlear implant outcomes (speech perception and speech production) in cochlear implanted children aged 7-13 years. The study also compared the memory performance of cochlear implanted children with their normal hearing peers. Methods: Thirty-one cochlear implanted children with a mean age of 121.52 months (~ 10 years) and SD=19.946 and 31 normal hearing children with a mean age 120.68 months (~ 10 years) and SD=18.137 participated in this study. Their memory performance was assessed by Working Memory Test Battery for Children (1), speech perception was measured by Categories of Auditory Performance (2), and their speech production was assessed by Speech Intelligibility Rating (3). Finally, the data were analyzed using SPSS through its descriptive variables MANOVA and Spearman Correlation Coefficient. Results: A significant and positive correlation was observed between working memory performance and cochlear implant outcomes. In addition, the children using cochlear implants had poorer performance compared to their normal hearing peers. Discussion: This study demonstrated that the memory performance of children using cochlear implants has a significant effect on their speech production.خلاصه ماشینی:
"Relationship between Working Memory, Auditory Perception and Speech Intelligibility in Cochlear Implanted Children of Elementary School Soheyla Talebi1*, Ali Akbar Arjmandnia1 1. Relationship between working memory, auditory perception and speech intelligibility in cochlear implanted children of elementary school.  studied between speech recogni- tion, working memory and conversational skills in a group of 13 children/adolescents with cochlear implants (CIs) between 11 and 19 years of age.  showed that cochlear-implanted children had weaker performances in short-term and working memory, but they reacted normally to tasks related to visual memory. As ex- pected, children using cochlear implants showed poorer sequential short-term memory skills than their normal hearing peers for tasks that invited verbal coding.  studied different factors, including au- ditory performance, communication skills, educational progress, life quality, and cochlear-implanting perfor- mance, influencing the lives of English children with auditory impairments. Hence, this research aimed at studying the re- lationship between auditory perception and speech intel- ligibility, and working memory and short-term memory in cochlear-implanted children. 5. Conclusion Since low-hearing affects language growth and com- munication skills of children by creating communication problems and social and cognitive symptoms, the goal of this research was to study the relationship between working and short-term memories with auditory percep- tion and speech intelligibility in cochlear-implanted chil- dren. The results of the current research showed that there was a positive and significant relationship between audi- tory perception and working and short-term memories of cochlear-implanted children."
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