March 2016, Volume 14 - Number 1 (8 صفحه - از 43 تا 50)
Objectives: This study investigates the impact of neurofeedback on perceptual-motor skills of 5 to 12 years old children with Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder (ADHD). Methods: In this clinical study, 40 children between the ages of 5-12 years, who were patients of the Tavanesh Clinic and diagnosed with ADHD, were randomly chosen and divided into two groups of control and test. 20-neurofeedback intervention sessions were performed. The tools utilized in this study included Bruninks–Oseretsky Test of Motor Proficiency and Child behavior checklist (CBCL) survey questionnaire. For evaluation after the intervention, Bruninks–Oseretsky Test of Motor Proficiency scale for children, along with CBCL questionnaire surveys were asked to fill up by the participants’ mothers. Results: After the intervention, the analysis of the scores in all perceptual-motor skills showed significant differences in both groups, but no significant difference was observed in the subtest of strength. The CBCL survey questionnaire revealed that the average scores on attention disorder, aggression, lack of attention and hyperactivity, externalizing and general problems in the test group is significantly less than that of the control group. However, in the confrontational behavior (internalization), there was no statistically significant difference between the test and control groups. There was a correlation between the change of motor skills and change of behavioral patterns in ADHD children. Discussion: Neurofeedback intervention can have positive effects on improving the perceptualmotor skills of children with ADHD.خلاصه ماشینی:
"Neurofeedback Effect on Perceptual-Motor Skills of Children with ADHD Mehdi Jahani1, Ebrahim Pishyareh1, Hojjat Allah Haghgoo1, Sayed Ali Hosseini1*, Seyedeh Neda Ghadamgahi Sani2 1. Discussion: Neurofeedback intervention can have positive effects on improving the perceptual- motor skills of children with ADHD. Children diagnosed with ADHD are characterized by weak coor- dination and disorder in the functioning of fine and gross * Corresponding Author: Sayed Ali Hosseini, PhD Address: Department of Occupational Therapy, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Kodakyar Ave. Improving these skills through various approaches such as sensory and perceptual-motor integration and motor control via occupational therapy interventions and the neural empowerment of related cerebral plexus can have positive effects on both cognitive skills and dimensions of daily living of such children [10-12]. This is about subtests of Bruininks-Oseretsky motor test: agility and run’s speed, equilibrium, lateral coordination, gross motor skills, coordination of up- per limb, speed response, motor-visual speed, upper limp speed, fine motor and perceptual-motor skills, and subscales of CBCL behavioral questionnaire: attention problems, aggressive behavior, attention deficit/hy- peractivity, externalizing and general problems. 5. Conclusion The present study shows that neurofeedback interven- tion can have a positive effect on improving the percep- tual-motor skills of children with ADHD. Neurofeedback as a nonpharmacological treatment for adults with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD): study protocol for a randomized controlled trial. Functional magnetic resonance imaging investigation of the effects of neurofeedback training on the neural bases of selective attention and response inhibi- tion in children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder."
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