نویسنده: Helander، Einar؛
October 2009 - Number 10 (8 صفحه - از 39 تا 46)
A person with moderate mental retardation would, in a western country, be "diagnosed" early on in life. Consequently, such a child is likely to be sent for special education. Given the high level of job requirements, such a person is unlikely to be employed in the open market later in life. Mental retardation is one of the most frequent disabilities in most studies, mental retardation is found in about three percent of the population. Persons even with mild mental retardation have very large difficulties finding employment and are for this reason often deprived of opportunities for suitable and productive income generation this is why most stay poor. But disability does not only cause poverty poverty itself causes disability. This study follows an analysis, based on a review of the Swedish programme for mental retardation during the period 1930-2000. It is concluded that in Sweden a very large proportion of mild and moderate mental retardation has been eliminated though the combination of poverty alleviation with a community-based rehabilitation programme. For these situations a pro-active programme analysing and meeting the needs of the target groups should be useful as a means to achieve poverty alleviation.خلاصه ماشینی:
"It is concluded that in Sweden a very large proportion of mild and moderate mental retardation has been eliminated though the combination of poverty alleviation with a community-based rehabilitation programme. • better access to mainstream health care: including early detection of disability and early stimulation programmes • setting up of adequate support programmes, such as day centres (or preschools), in which the disabled children can be trained, especially as regards daily life abilities (self-care, continence, mobility, communication, behaviour) • inclusive education, followed by training of basic occupational skills • protection of abuse and exploitation of persons with disability, including those with MR • economic assistance, such as adequate disability contributions or pensions to help families with disabled members and encourage them to keep them at home, • assistance to persons with MR to set up non- governmental organisations by themselves and empowering them, • Long-term planning of the mainstream participation by persons with mental retardation. We may conclude that Sweden during the years 1930-2000, and especially 1960-1980 implemented a proactive Government-lead combination of poverty alleviation and a community-based rehabilitation programme, targeted to all persons with disabilities, including those with MR. Iranian Rehabilitation Journal ۴٣43 Table 6 shows that the average life expectancy of persons with Down’s syndrome was during the 1920-30 2-3 years, by 1950-60 15 years, by 1970-80 Year Population, million Total number of persons with mental retardation, thousands Prevalence percent 35 years and by 1990- 2000 57 years."
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