The verse of Mubahalah indicates the infallibility of the People of the Cloak (Ashab-e kis) in their words and deeds. This verse refers to the famous event of al-Mubahalah which took place in the year 10 A.H. against the Christians of Najran. Both Shi‘a and Sunni scholars have narrated this event. Imam Ali (a) was considered as ‘our souls’ (anfusan), Lady Fatima (a) as ‘our women’ (ni‘ana), and Imam Hasan (a) and Imam Husayn (a) as ‘our sons’ (abna’ana). Some Sunni scholars believe that this report is fully authentic. Traditions about Mubahalah have been reported
in 51 different ways and quoted from 37 major religious scholars.
"‘Alb ’ ibn Ahmad Aldshkard says, "When the verse of Mub halah (3:61) was revealed, the Prophet (s) called Ali (a), Lady Fatima (a), Hasan (a) and Husayn (a) and invited the Jews for Mub halah.
Sa‘d ibn Abd Waqq j reports: "When the verse of Mubahalah was sent down, the noble Prophet (s) summoned Ali (a), Lady Fatima (a), Hasan (a) and Husayn (a), and stated, ‘O Allah!
"15 The verse of Mub halah according to Sunnis The main part of the story, which is the fact that the Prophet (s) chose Ali (a) as ‘ourselves’, Lady Fatima (a) as ‘our women’, and Hasan and Husayn (a) as ‘our sons’ is accepted by all scholars of exegesis and hadith, as some Sunni exegetes such as Imam Fakhr R zd16 and Nip m al-Ddn Naysh bfrd17 have confirmed it as well.
"20 e kim Naysh bfrd21 believes that the story of Mub halah has been narrated by successive transmitters and says, "It has been related in commentaries of Qur’an by successive transmitters such as ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Abb s that the Prophet (s) on the day of Mub halah held Ali (a) and Hasan (a) and Husayn’s (a) hands and put Lady Fatima (a) behind them.
1. Ibn Taym yyah’s view Ibn Taymdyyah77 acknowledges that the Prophet (s) took Ali (a), Lady Fatima (a), Hasan (a) and Husayn (a) for Mub halah and believes that 73 Ahmad ibn eujr Haythamd, Ibid, p."