Rationalism In the Western world, many thinkers, theologians, and philosophers, including Thomas Aquinas (1224-1274), Cartesian philosophers, John Locke (1632-1704), Immanuel Kant (1724-1804), Clifford (1845-1879), and Richard Swlnberne (1934- ) think that faith and reason are consistent; they are, of course, of different opinions about this consistency.
1- Thomas Aquinas' Viewpoint: Thomas Aquinas, who Is one the greatest Christian theologians and philosophers, believes that: reason Is In almost perfect harmony with rellglon and faith.
Since all rational enquiry recognizes the contingency of future revision, no authentic rellglous can be based on It. The pa11lon argument: The most essential and valuable trait of religious faith Is passion, a passion of the greatest Intensity.
408} Critique From Kierkegaard's arguments for fldelsm one would find that he employs rational arguments to prove fldelsm; and he considers three essential points: Alhlkmah / No, 1 / Winter 2008/ 11 Religion's teachings cannot be taken from the Bible; for the Bible Is a historical text and enquiry; and all historical enquiries give [at best] approximate results; thus, the Bible is not supported by certain.
They think that even If we have no evidence for rellglous bellefs, these bellefs are rational and justified; for example he [Platlnga] believes that existence of God Is one of the basic beliefs, and for basic bellefs such as existence of God, no argument Is needed to be provided To the question that "followers of various rellglons maintain that their beliefs concerning God are among basic ones, whlle they are In conflict with each other.
It Is through reason and with the help of rational argument that man thinks that following rellglon wlll lead to happiness.