The present writing seeks to Introduce the new Encyclopedia of the Quran organized by Dr. Jane Dammen Mc Aullffe In Leiden, Netherlands. Thus far, some of Its volumes have been published. Making use of the Introduction of this Encyclopedia, the present paper Is an attempt to provide an unbiased report about the Encyclopedla. Also Its strong and weak points wlll be discussed. Criticisms of the Encyclopedia are, of course, general ones, which wlll be discussed In the next Issues of the Journal.
Definition A collection of articles which portrays a series of the exegeses of the Quran, directly or Indirectly; but Its main axis Is the Quran (and not the Encyclopedia of the Quran together with exegesis); a research grown out of a host of 1441 Alhlkm1h/ No. 1/ Winter 2008 viewpoints and demonstrative bases coming to provide and upli~ scientific understanding of the Quran.
12 Alhlkm1h / No, 1 / Winter 2008 / 149 Repetition of Unfounded Clalm1 and Accusation Imposed by the Earlier Orlentall1t1 upon the Holy Quran Although there Is a great distance between the general approach of this Encyclopedia and that of earlier studies of Orientallsts and a fair and scholarly approach governs many articles in it; some authors, without a new research and Imitating the earlier ones repeated the previous claims of Orientallsts, some of which are mentioned below.
In a hadlth attributed to the Holy Prophet (PBUH), it has been said that since Aaron was such a virtuous man that he was an example among children of Israel, they said about virtuous persons that "he (she) Is Aaron's brother (slster)"14• This Andrew Rippln's error In understanding the Quranic verse and his heedlessness to exegeses and exegetical hadlths as well as ascribing historical mistake to the Holy Quran (that the Holy Quran has confused Mary of Moses' age with Mary of Jesus' time) have created problems for the Leiden Encyclopedia as much as heedlessness of Andrer Rippin, editor, and editorial board of the above Encyclopedla to researches made by Orlentalists and critiques of Muslims concerning such studies have created.
Encyclopedla: A comprehensive book written concerning a science In which various subjects have been described
Quran: The holy book of Musllms, contalning 6236 verses handed down to us by the Holy Prophet(s) successlvely and wlthout intdrpolation.
Encyclopedla: Lelden Encyclopedla of Quran,whlch os unser process in The Negheriands