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فهرست مقالات

Comparison of Psychological Skills Using between Male and Female Volleyball Players during Exercise and Competition

نویسنده:

(4 صفحه - از 119 تا 122)

خلاصه ماشینی:

"c om ISSN (Online): 2322 – 4479 Comparison of Psychological Skills Using between Male and Female Volleyball Players during Exercise and Competition 1Akbar bohloul∗ 2SHahzad Tahmasebi Brojeni, 3Reihaneh Ezzati 1- MA student motor learning and control 2- PHD Assistant Professor motor behavior 3- MA student physical education INTRODUCTION Sport experts believe that sport performance has not been only affected by physical skills, but it is also influenced by psychological factors. The statistical population includes students participating in 12th Iranian students sport Olympia (summer 1393), and 89 person (48 females and 41 males) of them as a sample with a mean age of 3/1 ± 7/21 and the history of sports 03/3 ± 5/7 years in volleyball and completed the second version of the questionnaire performance strategies. RESULTS In comparison between male and female athletes significant difference was observed during exercise in the skills of goal setting (P = 0/02) and during competition in attention control(P = 0/008) and distraction (P = 0/000)."

صفحه: از 119 تا 122
119 Annals of Applied Sport Science , Spring 2015, Volume 3 - Number 9

120 Annals of Applied Sport Science , Spring 2015, Volume 3 - Number 9

121 Annals of Applied Sport Science , Spring 2015, Volume 3 - Number 9

CONCLUSION

Results of this study showed that male were better than female in‌ goal‌ setting‌ that is consistent with the results of Dachen (2012) who reported men‌ are‌ better in goal setting(3). Results of research also indicated that during competition male performed better in‌ distraction‌ and female performed better in attention control that isn’t consistent with results‌ of‌ the Dachn’s study (2012) in attention control‌ subscale‌. The‌ possible reason could be noted different type‌ of‌ sport (individual and team), different skill levels and the places where the study‌ is‌ administered.

Our findings suggest that‌ practicing‌ specific performance‌ strategies‌, along‌ with physical exercises and techniques can‌ help‌ team sport players with different sex improve their performance. Therefore, coaches and‌ sport‌ psychologists recommended considering mental skills training‌ type of sport, gender‌ differences‌, competition and practice conditions as‌ effective‌ factors.

Refrences

1.Bois J, Sarrazin P, Southon J, Boiché J. Psychological characteristics and their relation to performance‌ in‌ professional golfers. The Sport Psychologist‌. 2009‌;23‌:252-70.

2.Hardy‌ L, Roberts‌ R, Thomas PR, Murphy SM‌. Test‌ of Performance Strategies (TOPS): Instrument refinement using confirmatory factor analysis. Psychology of Sport and‌ Exercise‌. 2010;11(1):27-35.

3.Dachen J. Test‌ of‌ performance strategies‌ among‌ college‌ going athletes: differences across‌ type of sports and

gender. International Journal of Behavioural Social and Movement Sciences. 2012;1(4):139‌-47‌.

122 Annals of Applied Sport Science , Spring 2015, Volume 3 - Number 9