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فهرست مقالات

Football Clubs Privatization Barriers Ranking

نویسنده:

(4 صفحه - از 17 تا 20)

خلاصه ماشینی:

"Privatization football clubs in developed countries began at the 1990s, because of solving financial problems such as costs increases,specially players fees and new fiscal resources needs . ONCLUSIONS As the result has shown economical obstacles are the most important barriers of professional football clubs privatization . Donya Padash(2009) showed economic factors are the most important affecting factors on privatization of football clubs too[2]. Legal barriers was the second important obstacle for privatization professional football clubs. Managerial obstacles were less important barriers , this finding is similar to Donya Padash(2009) finding , she showed that managerial issue are not important affecting factors on football club privatization[2]. Solving economic problems of football clubs is the first step in barriers omitting , legal issues such as providing special laws and alteration them can provide infrastructures for successfully privatization plan , Also present football clubs structures should be changed to commercial because it helps increase of fiscal resource too ."

صفحه: از 17 تا 20
17 Annals of Applied Sport Science , Spring 2015, Volume 3 - Number 9

‌ ‌‌‌ANNALS‌ OF APPLIED SPORT SCIENCE–Special Issue

First National Congress of

"New Scientific Consequence‌ for‌ Iran‌’s Sport Development" Lahijan Branch, Islamic Azad University, 2014, 10-11 December

w w w . aas s j our nal. c om‌

ISSN (Online): 2322 – 4479

Football Clubs Privatization Barriers Ranking

1Hassan Gharehkhani∗

1.Department of‌ Physical Education and Sport‌ Sciences‌, University of Zanjan, Zanjan, Iran.

INTRODUCTION

Football is unquestionably the world’s most popular sport.Over the last century football has constituted itself as the world’s game[1] .In most countries football is‌ the most socially and economically important of all professional sports[2].

Professional football clubs are unusual businesses, their performance judged on and off the field of play. They act as commercial unit‌ , so‌ their role is more important than other part of football industry. There is a growing body of evidence which shows football is the most favorite sport in Iran too[2].

The nature‌ of‌ club ownership in the world varies and in general is vastly different from privately owned franchises / teams typically of United states and Europe or the publicly (shareholder) owned clubs‌ often‌ found in Europe[3].

In the last two decades, many countries have launched extensive privatization programs .There is now a growing body of literature on the effects of privatization on productive‌ efficiency‌ [4]. Privatization‌ football clubs in developed countries‌ began‌ at‌ the 1990s, because of solving financial problems such as costs increases,specially players fees and new fiscal resources needs . Nowadays almost‌ all‌ of‌ football clubs are as professional commercial corporate and‌ are‌ successful in sporting and commercial aims . Most British football clubs are constituted as companies, and several of the largest‌ have‌ been‌ floated on the Stock Exchange, the first to do so‌ being Tottenham Hotspur in 1983[5].But the vast majority of Iranian football clubs continue to be in government‌ hands‌ and‌ it created more problems. No studies have analyzed football clubs privatization‌ barriers‌ in Iran till now, and an understanding of the football clubs privatization problems can assist the‌ privatization‌ process‌ in football clubs and other sport clubs too. So the

∗ - Corresponding Author‌:

Hassan‌ Gharehkhani‌

E-mail: gharehkhani@znu.ac.ir

18 Annals of Applied Sport Science , Spring 2015, Volume 3 - Number 9

19 Annals of Applied Sport Science , Spring 2015, Volume 3 - Number 9

20 Annals of Applied Sport Science , Spring 2015, Volume 3 - Number 9