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فهرست مقالات

Football Clubs Privatization Barriers Ranking

نویسنده:

(4 صفحه - از 17 تا 20)

خلاصه ماشینی:

"Privatization football clubs in developed countries began at the 1990s, because of solving financial problems such as costs increases,specially players fees and new fiscal resources needs . ONCLUSIONS As the result has shown economical obstacles are the most important barriers of professional football clubs privatization . Donya Padash(2009) showed economic factors are the most important affecting factors on privatization of football clubs too[2]. Legal barriers was the second important obstacle for privatization professional football clubs. Managerial obstacles were less important barriers , this finding is similar to Donya Padash(2009) finding , she showed that managerial issue are not important affecting factors on football club privatization[2]. Solving economic problems of football clubs is the first step in barriers omitting , legal issues such as providing special laws and alteration them can provide infrastructures for successfully privatization plan , Also present football clubs structures should be changed to commercial because it helps increase of fiscal resource too ."

صفحه: از 17 تا 20
17 Annals of Applied Sport Science , Spring 2015, Volume 3 - Number 9

18 Annals of Applied Sport Science , Spring 2015, Volume 3 - Number 9

19 Annals of Applied Sport Science , Spring 2015, Volume 3 - Number 9

ONCLUSIONS

As the result has shown economical obstacles are the most important‌ barriers‌ of professional football clubs privatization .Donya‌ Padash(2009) showed economic‌ factors‌ are the most important affecting‌ factors‌ on privatization of football clubs too[2]. Economy and financial issues affect out of‌ football‌ industry , so football clubs couldn‌'t control‌ them‌. maybe economic reforms‌ such‌ as structural , needs to‌ solve‌ football clubs economic problems.

Legal barriers was the second important obstacle for privatization professional‌ football‌ clubs. This result is similar to‌ Donya‌ Padash (2009‌) result‌ ,she‌ mentioned legal factors are‌ the second important effective factors on football clubs privatization[2].

Noncommercial structure of football clubs was‌ the‌ most important structural barrier , this finding‌ is‌ similar‌ to‌ Barros‌(2006 )finding about‌ Portuguese‌ football clubs, he concluded that , nonprofit structure of Portuguese football clubs is the most important obstacle‌ of‌ their‌ economic development[1]. Also Guidio and Philippe (2003‌) recap‌ Spanish‌ football‌ clubs‌ structure‌ isn’t suitable and their development encounter with big challenge[3].

Managerial obstacles were less important barriers , this finding is similar to Donya Padash(2009) finding , she showed that‌ managerial issue are not important affecting factors on football club privatization[2]. Maybe there will not serious problem on administration of privatization plan because managerial obstacles such as lack of serious‌ determination‌ for football clubs privatization , resistance of some governmental manager and plurality of decision making center and lack of sufficient coordination among them have same mean rank.

Solving economic problems‌ of‌ football clubs is the first step in barriers omitting , legal issues such as providing special laws and alteration them can provide infrastructures for‌ successfully‌ privatization plan , Also present football‌ clubs‌ structures should be changed to commercial because it helps increase of fiscal resource too .

REFERENCES

1- Barros .C.P(2006), The Financial crisis in Portuguese Football , Journal‌ of‌ Sport Economics, 7(1), 96-104‌.

2- Donyapadash‌(2009) Prioritization of the Factors Affecting Privatization in Sport Clubs: Comparison between AHP

and TOPSIS (Emphasis in Football),The International Congress on Science and Football Tehran 1-3 November .

3- Guidio Ascari ,Philippe‌ Gagnepain‌(2003).How Ineffecient are Football Clubs ? An Evaluation of The Spanish Arms

Race. Department of Economics.University of Madrid. January.

4- Michie, J and Oughton, C (2005) The Corporate Governance of Professional -Football‌ Clubs‌ in England‌, Corporate

Governance: An International Journal, 13:4:517-532.

20 Annals of Applied Sport Science , Spring 2015, Volume 3 - Number 9