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فهرست مقالات

Observational Learning: A Suitable Alternative to Physical Practice

نویسنده:

(4 صفحه - از 241 تا 244)

خلاصه ماشینی:

"2. Assistant Professor, Bu-Ali Sina University, Hamadan, Iran INTRODUCTION There is no doubt that physical practice leads to learning a motor task. Various studies, on the other hand, have shown that another effective way for motor learning is observing a model performing the same task, known as "observational learning" (1-5). For example, Rohbanfard and Proteau (2011) indicated that observing a novice model, an expert model, or a combination of both novice and expert models leads to better learning of a relative timing task (2). The aim of the present study, therefore, was to determine whether observation of a model by itself results in same learning as compared with physical practice. com strategy, then, it is hypothesized that observation or physical practice leads to same results while learning short backhand serve in Badminton."

صفحه: از 241 تا 244
241 Annals of Applied Sport Science , Spring 2015, Volume 3 - Number 9

242 Annals of Applied Sport Science , Spring 2015, Volume 3 - Number 9

strategy, then, it is hypothesized that observation or physical practice leads‌ to‌ same results while learning short backhand serve in Badminton.

METHOD

To reach our goal, 64 right‌-handed‌ female‌ students at Bu-Ali Sina University of Hamedan - who voluntarily participated in‌ the‌ study‌ - were randomly divided into four groups. Three groups watched a video presentation of an expert‌, a novice‌, or‌ a mixed model (a combination of expert and novice models), who was performing the short backhand‌ serve‌ in Badminton. The other group physically practiced the task. Following acquisition phase, all‌ groups‌ took‌ part in two retention/transfer tests (10 min and 48 hr). Using SPSS, repeated‌ measure‌ ANOVA was run to analyze data (α = .05). Results are shown in Figure 1

RESULTS‌

CONCLUSIONS‌

The‌ results of the present study showed that physical practice group outperformed some of observation groups‌ in‌ 10-min retention/transfer tests, although this preference was disappeared during 24‌-hr‌ retention‌/transfer tests. In this phase, even, some of the observation groups performed better than the‌ physical‌ practice‌ group. It seems that a better performance of the physical practice group in‌ 10‌-min retention/transfer tests was a result of "performance effects" of

243 Annals of Applied Sport Science , Spring 2015, Volume 3 - Number 9

244 Annals of Applied Sport Science , Spring 2015, Volume 3 - Number 9