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فهرست مقالات

The Effect of Corrective Exercises on Uneven Shoulder Degree of Tehran Female Students

نویسنده:

(4 صفحه - از 307 تا 310)

خلاصه ماشینی:

"c om ISSN (Online): 2322 – 4479 The Effect of Corrective Exercises on Uneven Shoulder Degree of Tehran Female Students 1Elahe Fadaee, 2Habib Zarei∗ 1. (1390) examined the effect of 8-weak regular corrective exercise on skeletal-muscular deformity in 160 girl students ranging from 12 to 14 years old in Khorramabad, and reported significant reduction of uneven shoulder degree after participating in corrective training sessions (3). because of few studies in this area and lack of training intervention in Tehran schools, the present study aims to examine the effect of 4-week corrective exercises on the uneven shoulder degree in girl student in Tehran during education year of 93-94. The results of the present study show 4-week corrective exercise improves the degree of uneven shoulder in girl students which is in consistent with previous studies. Mahdavinejad R, investigation of exercise and motional activities on functional deformities corrective of spinsl column in junior student of Tehran [Msc thesis], Tehran tarbiat modares university."

صفحه: از 307 تا 310
307 Annals of Applied Sport Science , Spring 2015, Volume 3 - Number 9

308 Annals of Applied Sport Science , Spring 2015, Volume 3 - Number 9

METHOD

The‌ statistical population included all student in Tehran during education year 92-93 among which 37 student from region‌ 12‌ schools‌ with mean age of 14.05 ± 1.02, mean height of 1.56‌ ±

6.34‌ and mean weight of 52.04 ± 7.12 participated in this study. Uneven shoulder degree was measured‌ by‌ goniometer‌. The validity of the device is 0.95 and reliability is 0.91. Individuals‌ with‌ uneven‌ shoulder degree less than 4 and history of Fracture, dislocation, and surgery [of shoulder, clavicle‌, scapula‌ or‌ ribs and structural scoliosis that may have cause them structural uneven shoulder had removed‌ from‌ the study. Selected participants undergo a 4-week training program, 3 sessions a week including warm-up‌ and‌ stretching‌ and dynamic movements for shoulder scapula muscles for 15 minutes and then specific training‌ for‌ increasing flexibility, strength and Proprioception. The time spend for the exercise was about‌ 60‌-70‌ minutes in addition to 10-minute cold-down at the end. SPSS software version 16‌ and‌ paired T test was used for analyzing the data. Significant level was taken‌ as‌ 95‌%, α ≤ 0.05.

RESULTS

The results show that exercise caused a significant decrease in the average degree of‌ uneven‌ shoulders‌. It indicates significant difference (p=0.000) in uneven shoulder degree before and after‌ the‌ intervention. The table below shows mean, standard deviation and level of significance before and after intervention‌.

Mean‌ ± SD t df p

Pre-Test 4.71±0.51

22.12

36

0.00

Post-Test‌ 2.23‌±0.73

309 Annals of Applied Sport Science , Spring 2015, Volume 3 - Number 9

310 Annals of Applied Sport Science , Spring 2015, Volume 3 - Number 9