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فهرست مقالات

Assessing Demographic Characteristics and Main Reasons for not Participating in Sport Activities within Pregnant Women Referring to Health Centers in Gorgan

نویسنده:

(4 صفحه - از 315 تا 318)

خلاصه ماشینی:

"c om ISSN (Online): 2322 – 4479 Assessing Demographic Characteristics and Main Reasons for not Participating in Sport Activities within Pregnant Women Referring to Health Centers in Gorgan Fatemeh Islami∗ Department of Physical Education, Golestan University, Gorgan, Iran. The research tools include the researcher-made questionnaire consisting of two parts: 1) Questionnaire of demographic characteristics and 2) the questionnaire of main reasons for not participating in the sport activities in pregnancy. 05) between the reasons for not participating in the sport activities and demographic variables including age, education level of the individual and the spouse, number of pregnancies, abortion, successful pregnancies, delivery and type of delivery (natural or cesarean). (2010) (4) noted fear of harm or fear of harm to the fetus in pregnant women was the main reason for not participating in the sport activities especially in people who have had abortion themselves or their friends."

صفحه: از 315 تا 318
315 Annals of Applied Sport Science , Spring 2015, Volume 3 - Number 9

316 Annals of Applied Sport Science , Spring 2015, Volume 3 - Number 9

METHOD

The current study is a descriptive-analytical study using field research design. The population includes the healthy pregnant women visiting‌ Gorgan‌'s health‌ centers during the year 2013 (2500 individuals). The‌ non‌-random cluster sampling based on objective was conducted with proportional allocation (248 individuals). The research tools include the researcher‌-made‌ questionnaire‌ consisting of two parts: 1) Questionnaire of demographic characteristics and 2) the‌ questionnaire of main reasons for not participating in the sport activities in pregnancy. The validity of the questionnaires‌ were‌ verified‌ by a number of academics and the reliability was verified by Cronbach‌ alpha‌ coefficient (0.700) was calculated. Data collection tools include interviewing with pregnant women by midwifes and trained‌ health‌ workers‌. The data was analyzed using both descriptive and inferential statistics (Independent-Samples‌ T Test‌, One‌- Way ANOVA, and Pearson and Spearman tests).

RESULTS

50.4 percent of the participants did‌ not‌ participate‌ in physical activities during pregnancy. Fear of harm to the fetus was the main‌ reason‌ for not participating in the sport activities (table1). There was no significant relationship‌ (P≥0.05‌) between‌ the reasons for not participating in the sport activities and demographic variables including age‌, education‌ level of the individual and the spouse, number of pregnancies, abortion, successful pregnancies‌, delivery‌ and‌ type of delivery (natural or cesarean). There were significantly differences between the reasons for not‌ participating‌ in the sport activities and ethnicity but there was no significantly difference‌ between‌ the‌ reasons for not participating in the sport activities and other variables including the job (individual‌ and‌ their‌ spouse). There was no a statistically significant difference between the mean scores of‌ the‌ reasons for not participating in the sport activities and location and type of referral health centers‌.

Table‌ 1. why not participating in sports during pregnancy?

رجـوع شود به تصویر صفحه‌

317 Annals of Applied Sport Science , Spring 2015, Volume 3 - Number 9

318 Annals of Applied Sport Science , Spring 2015, Volume 3 - Number 9