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Effects of a Short-Term Circuit Resistance Training with and without Crocus Sativus (Saffron) supplementation on Plasma Viscosity and Fibrinogen in young male college students

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(4 صفحه - از 47 تا 50)

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"c om ISSN (Online): 2322 – 4479Effects of a Short-Term Circuit Resistance Training with and without Crocus Sativus (Saffron) supplementation on Plasma Viscosity and Fibrinogen in young male college students 1Abbass Ghanbari-Niaki, 2Ayoub saeidi ∗ 1. Thus considering the influence of resistance exercises on permanent increase in blood viscosity and plasma induced by increase in fibrinogen , Albumin , total protein and hematocrit following resistance activities, the aim of this was to examine the effect of circuit resistance exercises (12 stations ) with taking various parts of saffron (upper part , bottom part and petal sweat of saffron ) on Viscosity and Fibrinogen. Considering the results of this study , we got the points that saffron supplement use combined with two – weeks circuit resistance exercises can reduce cardio – vascular risk factors (fibrinogen and plasma viscosity) , although upper part of saffron supplement in combination with saffron caused more reduction of these risk factors."

صفحه: از 47 تا 50
47 Annals of Applied Sport Science , Spring 2015, Volume 3 - Number 9

48 Annals of Applied Sport Science , Spring 2015, Volume 3 - Number 9

44 healthy untrained men after homogenization and according to individual characteristics‌ were‌ divided‌ into 4 groups of water – training (n=11), petal – training (n=10), bottom part flower – training (n=11‌) and‌ upper‌ part flower – training (n=12). The resistance training protocol consisted of 12 stations (the duration‌ of‌ each station 30 sec, with the intensity of 40% 1RM) for 2 weeks (5 sessions‌ in‌ each‌ week). 500 mg saffron was daily taken in 2 times of morning and immediately after‌ training‌. The blood samples were drowning before and 48h after last training session and‌ used‌ for‌ analyzing of fibrinogen and viscosity .Data analysis was done using SPSS software version 20 . normal‌ distribution‌ of data was confirmed using Kolmogorov – Smirnov test . Repeated measures (4×2) ANOVA was‌ used‌ to‌ analyses data. Independent T – test was used to find inter – group changes. The significance was considered‌ (0.05‌).

RESULTS‌

In evaluating of between group changes, a significant deference was observed in the‌ viscosity‌ values in both groups of water – training and upper part flower – training (p= 0.037), but there was‌ not‌ any significant deference among other groups. Also, Fibrinogen values showed a significant deference‌ between‌ petal – training and upper part flower – training‌ groups‌ (p=0.04‌), water – training and upper part flower – training‌ groups‌ (p=0.014), but any deference was not observed among other groups.

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CONCLUSIONS

Finding of the‌ present‌ study indicated‌ that‌ two‌ – weeks short – term circuit resistance exercises‌ caused‌ 10 percent reduction pf plasma fibrinogen and 2 percent reduction of plasma viscosity‌ in‌ proportion to pre-test . upper part‌ of saffron supplement used‌ with‌ circuit resistance caused 16 and‌ 2.5 percent‌ post – test reduction respectively in fibrinogen and plasma viscosity . However , there was no‌ significant‌ difference between various parts of‌ saffron‌ with‌ resistance exercises , but‌ upper‌ part of saffron had‌ more‌ effects in comparison with sweat and bottom part of it and resulted in doubling‌ the‌ effects of circuit exercises.

Considering the‌ results‌ of this‌ study‌ , we‌ got the points that‌ saffron supplement use

combined with two – weeks circuit resistance exercises can reduce cardio – vascular risk‌

49 Annals of Applied Sport Science , Spring 2015, Volume 3 - Number 9

50 Annals of Applied Sport Science , Spring 2015, Volume 3 - Number 9