The most important goal of each society, is to reach economic development. As the goal and agent of development, man has got an important responsibility, which responsibility is realized by way of education, specially higher education, because the universities are the main factors for progress, production of knowledge and education of specialized human forces and they play a significant role in management of knowledge production. Taking into consideration the scientific and economic status and the international situation, today, the universities face big challenges, and in this paper we are going to address the issue of pathology of higher education in Iran and consider the failure of paying attention to the style and quality of holding classes, i.e. mere attention paid to those educations that are carried out in the classes in a cliché form (classroom-oriented method) instead of managing the workshop-based classes, as a serious damage in shaking the higher education structure. In this essay, we will address the issue that the training method in the previous decades has been in the form of discussion, workshop-based, and with the goal of development of thought and skills. But today, teaching is based on the professors speaking alone and lacks a discussion environment and challenging the pure theories. So, the ability to develop skills and the opportunity for thinking have been negated and this means the science is not turned into skills, and the existing gap between science and technique and more fading of the industry-university relation. At the end of this paper, I have to mention that, by modernization of the educational approaches of the previous centuries, that were accompanied with emphasis on development of thought, skills and workshop-based classes, we can find the proper position of the know-how in industry and then establish a reciprocal relation between industry and university and turn the knowledge into technique and technique into wealth and expect the improvement of relation between industry and university and increasing the efficiency and effectiveness of education at the universities and even answer the conventional question that “which one is better, knowledge or wealth”
In this article, we try to prove this theory by referring to the flourishing eras of the Islamic civilisation in the past to show that workshop-oriented higher education (skill-oriented) could be more effective at higher levels than the class-oriented one, and it could as well lead to improvements in industry- university relations by training the skills of the students, and therefore, removing some of the obstacles in the job market.
The point that I, as a researcher, notice most is the challenges facing a higher education system which ignores the student's skills and creativity by not holding workshops courses (skill-oriented) and instead merely emphasizing his/her increased general and professional knowledge by teaching the theoretical aspects and stressing memorization.
This problem must therefore be paid attention to in universities, and considering the remarkable activities of the Islamic Open University and their accomplishments so far, they must take this challenge more seriously and become more aware of the applied aspects and the effectiveness of their activities in order to direct the educational system towards the workshop- oriented method which was prevalent in religious centres and in the past (at the time of flourishing Islamic civilisation), in line with their own objectives of increasing knowledge (general and professional), in order to improve their effectiveinstruction by containing this way of teaching in their university courses.