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فهرست مقالات

Analysis of Collocational Errors in Selected Iraqi Published Papers

نویسنده:

(16 صفحه - از 539 تا 554)

The present study attempts to identify and analyse the collocational errors committed in writing by Iraqi EFL researchers whose major is English. The corpus involves (10 ) papers chosen randomly from various Iraqi universities. The research aims at identifying and analyzing both lexical and grammatical collocationalerrors. The results show that the performance of Iraqi researchers in both patterns seems to be influenced by L1 transfer. Moreover, it is found that other factors contribute to the high frequency of collocation errors committed by them, namely the lack knowledge of collocationalskills, especially with regard to collocationalrestriction,the misuse of synonyms, and thetendencyforovergeneralization. Furthermore, it is found that lexical collocation is the most recurrent error throughout the data. This is due to the grammar-based method ,which is broadly adopted in Iraqi classes. Key words :Collocationalerrors, Error Analysis,L1 transfer , Collocational restriction 1.Introduction There exists a growing awareness and interest of the importance of collocation as one of the most salient features of all languages. Indeed, it is viewedthatcollocationis considered a basic unit of language in actual utterances. According to Halliday and Hasan (1976:284), collocation is ''the most problematic part of lexical cohesion that is achieved through the association of lexical items that regularly co-occur''. In the same vein,Stubbs (2001b:14) states that '' combinations of words in phrases are a good candidate for a basic unit of language in use''. Additionally, Firth (1957:183) points out that collocation is the component that usually accompanieswords. Likewise, Diana_ Lea (2002:


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