The Syntactic and Semantic use of Modal Auxiliaries
السنة 2006 - العدد 45 (23 صفحه - از 95 تا 117)
"Syntactic Use of Modal Auxiliaries Most linguists believe that modal auxiliaries have the characteristics to form different types of sentences: Affirmatives, negatives, questions, reported speech and conditionals. 1 Open Conditionals Open conditionals are usually formed by having a main clause with one of the modal auxiliaries: ‘will’, ‘may’, ‘can’, ‘should’ or ‘must’ and an ‘ifclause’ containing a verb in the present tense, as in: 23 I will tell him if I see him. ‘Would’, ‘might’, ‘could’ are the three most common modal auxiliaries in the main clause to refer to present of future conditionals, as in: 28 If I were you I would cross the bridge. For example, the so called past forms of modal auxiliaries sometimes express the same meaning as the present. 1. Semantic Use of Modal Auxiliaries As teachers of English, the researchers have realized that most of their students have almost mastered the syntactic rules to form affirmative negative,and interrogative sentences with modal auxiliaries, but to express the meaning of these auxiliaries sounds difficult to them, which, in turn affect the students’ performance. Since both researchers are very well acquainted with the students ability to use and apply the syntactic rules concerning the modal auxiliaries, under study, they have limited the test items to be concerned with the semantic use of the above mentioned auxiliaries. Finally questions with one modal sometimes require answers with anothe8r 115 As far as the study is concerned, the second year students/ Department of English / AL Mustansiriya University could improve their performance by using modal auxiliaries in the teaching course."
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