نویسنده: Khaleel Farhan، Atheel؛
السنة 2006 - العدد 45 (11 صفحه - از 1 تا 11)
"It will also contrast theory texts that form situation types with practical texts that operate instances of situation. Linguists usually find evidence for the structure of situation types or frames by analyzing the structure of theory texts. This implies the situation type or frame is an 5 essential unit for the study of the learning of language and culture, both in informal social activities and in formal education. This knowledge is based on Halliday’s view of situation as a semiotic construct, structured in terms of three components: field (the activity or significant of social action), tenor (the role or the relationship of participants) and the mode (the status assigned to text within the situation) (Halliday & Hasan, 1985: 12). The general model of situation outlined in this paper is illustrated by an analysis of theory text. In order to relate theory to practice, a "Model Business Meeting" is going to be analyzed so that the reader can understand and participate in actual instances: Mr. M. According to Halliday, field can either mean the topic or subject matter of a text, or the sociocultural action participants are engaged in (Halliday & Hasan, 1985: 12). A theory text like parliamentary procedure explains a situation and a practical text like meeting enacts and operates a situation. The distinction between theory and practical texts follows from the concept of situation type and should be recognized by any theory of discourse."
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