The Influence of the Olfaction, Audition and Tactile Senses in Mobility and Orientation of Blinds
Winter 2015, Volume 13 - Number 4 (7 صفحه - از 13 تا 19)
Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of olfaction, audition and tactile senses in mobility and orientation of blinds. Methods: The statistical sample of this research included 100 blind persons aged between 16 and 75 years (61 males and 39 females) with different level of education (16 persons lower than the diploma, 26 persons diploma, 46 persons bachelor, 12 person MA), were randomly selected from most regions of the country. Analysis of obtained data were done by Friedman statistical method and using the SPSS software. Results: It showed the close relationship between the senses, and according to the null hypothesis, based on senses role from the blind's opinion, audition sense has a highest rating and tactile sense has a lowest rating in mobility and orientation of blinds. Discussion: Telemetry senses, especially audition, were more important in mobility and orientation of blinds. Thus, with proper training of blinds to use their existing capabilities and also with organizing the environments around in a way to increase their ability, they can have mobility and activity in environment easily.خلاصه ماشینی:
"Keywords: senses, olfaction and tactile and audition, mobility and orientation, blinds Submitted: 6 September 2015 Accepted: 2 November 2015 Introduction The existence of a defect or a sensory organ disorder called sensory disorder. So, the influence of the olfaction, audition and tactile sense in mobility and orientation of blinds is the main question of this research. Meanwhile, we tried to choose a statistical sample from different age groups and with different educational document in order to examine the mobility and orientation methods in majority of blind persons and achieve to better and reasonable results. Table (1) show a total scores obtained from aim society regarding the effect of each senses of audition, tactile and olfaction in order to mobility and orientation. 000 According to the data obtained from tables, we conclude that from blinds opinion the effect of audition, tactile and olfaction senses in mobility and orientation are different. Discussion The aim of current research was to examine the effect of olfaction, audition and tactile senses in mobility and orientation of blinds. Since the audition is a factor in obstacle detection, the teachers focused their attention to using the mentioned sense through natural and artificial ways in order to increase the orientation and mobility power of blinds (22). Thus, proper training of blind persons in order to use their existing capabilities and also organizing the environment in a way to have a greatest ability, Causes them to have mobility and activity in the environment easily."
- دریافت فایل ارجاع :
- (پژوهیار, , , )