Abu al-Qasim ‘Ali ibn Husayn al-Sharif al- Murtadha (d. 436 A.H), known as Sayyid al-Murtadha, was one of the most renowned scholars of his time. After the death of Sheikh Mufid and his brother Sayyid Radi, Sayyid Murtadha shouldered the governmental responsibilities by leading the Shi‘a society. He was the head of high court of justice who led the Alawites and supervised the hajj pilgrimage. In addition to his social activities, he was well-known for his piety and expertise in various fields of theology, jurisprudence, literature, and poetry. In this exposition, after outlining the preceding notions, Sayyid Murtadha’s publications, teachers, and students have been listed, as well as a description of his religious, scientific, and political authority during a golden age of Islamic history.
"Scientific and governmental positions of Sayyid Murta during the time of Q dir ‘Abbas Sayyid Murtal , who lived in the late fourth and early fifth centuries, was known for his scholarship and piety among Shi‘i hadith scholars: 12 For more information refer to Ibn ‘Inabah, ‘Umdat al- lib f Ans b l-e Ab lib, pp.
In addition to Sheikh Mufdd, Sayyid Murtal , and Sheikh hfsd’s efforts, other Shd‘ite governmental officials were also involved in propagating Islamic sciences, among whom was Sh pfr ibn Ardeshdr, the minister of Bah ’ ad-Dawla and Sharaf ad-Dawla.
25 Sheikh Mufdd, Sayyid Murtal , their teachers, and the contemporary scholars who accompanied them were mostly considered authorities in Islamic theology (kalam).
27 Sayyid Murtal taught students who were to be distinguished scholars such as Sheikh hfsd, Q ld ibn Barr j, Abf al-Fatk Kar jakd, Sall r ibn ‘abd al-‘Azdz, Abu al- al k alabd and tens of other Shd‘ite scholars.
Being a student of ‘Allam al- Hud and among the hadith teachers of Abu ‘Ali, Sheikh hfsd’s son, he would sometimes teach on behalf of Sayyid Murtal .
The author of Raw t al-Jann t wrote: The well-known and great jurisprudent, Abu al- al k Taqd al-Ddn ibn Najm ibn ‘Ubaydullah alabd is the trusted jurisprudent before the scholars of the science of Rijal.
He is among the luminaries of Shd‘a, famous jurisprudents of Halab and known as "Caliph of Murtal " due to being appointed by his great teacher, such as Ibn Barr j who was appointed by Sheikh hfsd."