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Pre-Islamic Painting in India: A Case Study of Painting Styles مقاله

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India is a land of rich historical, cultural and artistic background. Painting has long been popular in India, and pre-Islamic paintings of caves and paintings from pre-Islamic India show interest in the art of Portrait painting and painting. Paintings from ancient times have been reported from inside caves and stone walls And most of the historical information about the art of painting in India, is the remaining caves in Ajanta Cave. Undoubtedly, cave paintings have influenced the evolution of painting in later periods and created a variety of styles and schools of painting in the Hindu period, which is one of the artistic masterpieces of its time. The purpose of this study is the art of painting in India, the formation of different styles of painting in pre-Islamic India, the subject of paintings and the position of women in paintings. This research method describes pre-Islamic painting in India and analyzes different styles of painting based on drawings. The results of the research show that painting has been considered in India from the beginning as cave paintings and murals, and various painting styles are influenced by cave paintings and arise from mystical, religious and moral issues. Every day and different issues were created using various designs and colors and the presence of elements of nature. From the beginning of women's painting in the caves, women's painting has been depicted in the form of numerous goddesses and in later periods by drawing goddesses, queens, princes and other women in Hindu painting styles.

خلاصه ماشینی:

org International Journal of Applied Arts Studies IJAPAS 5(2) (2020) 41–60 (View the image of this page) Pre-Islamic Painting in India: A Case Study of Painting Styles Jaleh Ghezelayagha, Ahmad Fooladianb*, Alireza Abdollahi Khoshmardanc aPh. D. Although the themes of these paintings are mostly mystical and religious, the design, color, and type of use the colors and origins of these styles vary in India, and this has led to a variety of Indian landscapes. Usually in the field of architectural art, there are brief references to pre-Islamic painting, including the book Ancient India by Arthur Llewellyn Basham and translated by Fereydoun Badrehai and Mahmoud Masaheb, which go back to the periods of the ancient empire, the state of architecture, music, and daily Indian life. On the walls of some of Ajanta's caves, paintings of kings and princes in their palaces and women of the harem, carriers, villagers and monk, along with manifestations of nature, trees, flowers and plants, birds and animals, have been permanently engraved by painters of that period (Upadhya, 1994: 9). This style of painting is done on paper, cloth, wood and walls, and the subject is the gods, goddesses, religious epics of India, animals, nature and kings. The painting is a kind of mural that covers the walls of palaces, aristocratic houses and temples, and the subjects of this style of painting are images of kings and queens of the region, epic stories of India, historical events, nature and romantic scenes.

کلیدواژه ها:

Indian Painting ، Painting Styles ، Cave Paintings ، Pre Islamic India


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