Education is the most effective mechanism of society to deal with the greatest challenge of this century, sustainable development. This research was conducted with the aim of studying the impact of education on social and cultural aspects of sustainable development in the Islamic Republic of Iran in 2020. After reviewing the theoretical framework and the research background, a conceptual model was developed, and a questionnaire was designed to measure the variables of the research. Then, the questionnaire was distributed among the sample. The obtained data were analyzed using descriptive statistical indicators and factor analysis. SPSS software was used to analyze the data, and to test the model and hypotheses, structural equation modeling using partial least squares was used. Cronbach's alpha was all above 0. 7 and the construct validity was also good. The results of data analysis showed that all relationships between research variables were confirmed, (the results are as follows: Education on Sustainable Development is: 0. 77, Training Methods on Sustainable Development is 0. 37, Political Culture on Sustainable Development is 0. 43). The impact of political culture on political development is greater.
This research was conducted with the aim of studying the impact of education on social and cultural aspects of sustainable development in the Islamic Republic of Iran in2020.
Development is considered to be the process of fundamental change of cultural beliefs, social, political and economic institutions in order to create and adapt to new capacities and quantitative and qualitative improvement of human, educational, economic and other capabilities, and abilities to achieve such a level, above all It requires a cultural and value transformation of societies.
In the theoretical field, the researcher's research shows that so far no comprehensive work has been done on the impact of education on the social and cultural aspects of sustainable development in the Islamic Republic of Iran and what effects and consequences it has.
In the practical field, the researcher's experience during the years of study shows that some teaching methods are more effective than others, and since one of the newest and most effective methods of sustainable development is proper education, the question that came to the researcher's mind was what could be the impact of education on the social and cultural aspects of sustainable development in the Islamic Republic of Iran?
The results of this study are consistent with the results of the research of O,Flaherty , and Liddy (2017) Paul & Mehera (2016), Olsson, Gericke ,and Rundgren (2014),Weakliem (2002), Ahmadi; Isfahani , and Darvish (2015), Hashemi, Taybi ,and Kimiani ( 2015), Yousefi (2014) , and so on.