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فهرست مقالات

Privatization of Football Clubs in Iran: Challenges and Barriers

نویسنده:

(4 صفحه - از 165 تا 168)

خلاصه ماشینی:

"Managerial obstacles were lack of serious determination for football clubs privatization, plurality of decision making center and lack of sufficient coordination among them and resistance of some governmental manager CONCLUSIONS Research result has shown that structural challenges are the most important one, this finding is similar to Guidio and Philippe (2003) finding about Spanish football clubs , they found that Spanish football clubs structure isn’t suitable and their development encounter with big challenge(3). Result has shown that legal barriers was the second important obstacle for privatization football clubs ,this result is similar to Guidio and Philippe (2003) finding , their result showed that lack of special law about TV or broadcasting right, sponsors, economic and financial management were the most important reasons for inefficiency in Spanish football clubs ."

صفحه: از 165 تا 168
165 Annals of Applied Sport Science , Spring 2015, Volume 3 - Number 9

166 Annals of Applied Sport Science , Spring 2015, Volume 3 - Number 9

167 Annals of Applied Sport Science , Spring 2015, Volume 3 - Number 9

shouldn’t manage by government (4). The most‌ important‌ barrier of privatization football clubs is‌ economical‌ or‌ financial‌ clarity‌ of financial statue‌ and‌ low earning from sponsor were football club problems ,this result is like Michie and Oughton (2005‌) finding‌ about‌ England football clubs that , sponsors support clubs‌ with‌ more‌ financial‌ clarity‌ strongly‌ (5). Result has shown that legal barriers was the second important obstacle for privatization football clubs ,this result is similar to Guidio and Philippe (2003) finding , their result‌ showed that lack of special law about TV or broadcasting right, sponsors, economic and financial management were the most important reasons for inefficiency in Spanish football clubs .

Noncommercial structure of‌ football‌ clubs was the most important structural barrier , this finding is similar to Barros (2006 ) finding about Portuguese football clubs, he concluded that , nonprofit structure of Portuguese football clubs is‌ the‌ most important obstacle of their economic development, also Morrow (2004) find that management and ownership of Scottish football club by one person is‌ one‌ of important barriers of football‌ clubs‌ development (4, 6).

REFERENCES

1- Sean Hamil , Mathew Helt(2003), The State of Game, The Corporate Governance of Football Clubs.Football

Governance Research Center ,University of London‌.

2- Holt‌, M, Michie, J, Oughton, C and Walters‌, G (2005‌) ‘The State of the Game: The Corporate Governance of Professional Football Clubs 2005’ Football Governance Research Centre Research Paper 2005, No 3, Birkbeck, University of London.

3- Guidio Ascari ,Philippe Gagnepain(2003‌).How‌ Ineffecient are Football Clubs ? An Evaluation of The Spanish Arms

Race. Department of Economics.University of Madrid. January.

4- Morrow , S(2004) ,The Financial Crisis in Scottish Football , Scottish Affaires, 47,48‌-57‌.

5- Michie, J and‌ Oughton, C (2005) The Corporate Governance of Professional -Football Clubs in England, Corporate

Governance: An International Journal, 13‌:4:517-532

6- Barros .C.P(2006), The Financial crisis in Portuguese Football , Journal‌ of‌ Sport‌ Economics, 7(1), 96-104.

168 Annals of Applied Sport Science , Spring 2015, Volume 3 - Number 9