Lady Umm Salamah was the highest-ranking
wife of the Prophet after Lady Khadijah. Her two migrations –
one to Medina and the other to Abyssinia (Habasha) – alongside
her presence in many wars and her defence of the household of
the Prophet resulted in her elevated status. She was so
trustworthy that at the time of leaving Mecca to go to Iraq, Imam
Husayn left behind some deposits with her which were be handed
to Imam Sajjad (a). Furthermore, 378 narrations have been
reported from her through the Sunni sect, the most important
being the Hadith of the Cloak (hadith al-kis’). This paper offers
a biography of Umm Salamah along with the attributes that
distinguish her from the rest of the Prophet’s wives, namely her
role in Fatima al-Zahra’s upbringing, her political activism, her
accounts of the Prophet’s narrations, and her unwavering defence
of Imam Ali’s personality and leadership
"1. Umm Salamah narrates that this verse was revealed in her house at time a when only the Prophet, Ali, Fatima, Hasan, and Husayn were present.
In the year 4 AH Abu Salamah died as a result of the wounds he had received in the battle of Ohud, after which the Prophet married Umm 1 Zar Kuli, 1986, vol.
307 Participation in event of revelation of the Verse of Purification and the Hadith of the Cloak (Hadith al-Kis ) Commentators of the Qur’an such as Tabarsi and Tha‘labi have narrated from the Musnad of Ahmad ibn Hanbal that Umm Salamah narrates: "One day Lady Fatima having cooked some food brought it to my house for the Prophet.
321-351 revealed regarding the Prophet, Ali ibn Abi Taleb, Fatima, Hasan, and Husayn in the house of Umm Salamah, the wife of the Prophet.
1 Responsibility for Lady Fatima’s upbringing Umm Salamah said, "When the Messenger of God married me, he left it upon me to take care of his daughter, and so I engrossed myself with her upbringing.
And so I sent my son Umar, and my nephew Abdullah bin Abi Umayyah to fight alongside Ali, and if it were not that the Prophet denied us from leaving the house, surely I would have left Medina in order to take part in the army of Ali. 2 Preventing Imam Ali from being cursed: It has been related from Imam Sadiq that Umm Salamah had a servant who disparaged Imam Ali. When she heard of this, she immediately called her and said to her, "O 1 Ya’qubi, 2536, vol."