Acquiring and possessing knowledge is highly recommended in Islam as God encourages people to seek knowledge as seen in the Qur’an and hadith. Educators and scholars hold a revered position because of their efforts of pursuing knowledge and using it to influence their actions. This article introduces the most important Islamic sciences that have long been studied in Islamic seminaries. A brief definition as well as the nature and history of each of the widely studied disciplines by Islamic scholars will be offered, namely theology (kal m), philosophy, mysticism (irf n), and jurisprudence (fiqh).
"A brief definition as well as the nature and history of each of the widely studied disciplines by Islamic scholars will be offered, namely theology (kal m), philosophy, mysticism (irf n), and jurisprudence (fiqh).
The Qur’an inspires believers to ponder about the divine creation and signs of the Holy Essence of God to 2 Islamic theology 3 Islamic jurisprudence 4 Islamic ethics, spirituality and moral teachings 5 Islamic mysticism 6 ‘Abd al-Razz q, Mu af , Zamineh-ye Tarikhi-ye Falssafeh-ye Eslami (translated title), trans.
15 Imamate was among the first theological discussions considered as the most important about which Muhammad ibn ‘Abdulkar m Shahrist n (479 – 548 AH) says, &quot;Muslims have not fought over any other issues as much as over this.
3. The Asharites: The founder of this sect was Abu al-Hasan Ali ibn Ism ‘ l Ash‘ar who began as a Mu‘tazilite and later searched to find a way between the Mu‘tazilites’ rationality and textualism of the People of Hadith.
Although the time of emergence of philosophical thoughts and issues existed long before Islam and assumed to have emerged in Old Greece, the role of Islamic philosophers in its development is not hidden to anyone so far as Muslim philosophers such as F r bi and Ibn Sin are concerned as they are infamous names in the field of philosophy.
His works include literature in philosophy, kal m, Prophetic traditions, narrations of the Imams, Shi‘ jurisprudence, Qur’anic exegesis, ethics, mysticism, and logic."