The relation of reason to faith has always been crucial for some of the Issues and questions that, especially In present time, deal with human beings as members of a worldwide community that meets the full train of both reason and faith. The following discussion Is not aspiring to generate a new Idea about their relation or to discuss the controversy so as to conclude any discussion. The overall aim of this paper Is rather to review some aspects of the problem that seem to be often missed In modern controversy on the subject.Key worda: Faith, Reason, Divine Message, Divine Guidance, Quran, Fldelsm, RatlonallsmHe who takes away reason to make way for faith puts out the light of both. 1 I. IntroductionThere Is a diversity of promising theories one may take concerning the relation between faith and reason.2 However, modern debate commonly has occurred among three prlnclpal theories.I. The first theory claims that the truth of Divine message Is the truth of reason revealed to us before we have been able to discover It. However, ultimately reason and faith wlll agree because the truths known by faith wlll be authenticated by reason In an agreement of truth with Itself. Ratlonallsts take this position, giving the priority to reason but recognizing human, temporal restrictions. No more explanation needed here Indeed, since reason begins from rules that are evidently known to be true and proceeds logically
Meanwhile, religious knowledge itself Is founded on faith; reason Is instrument for understanding of what Is given by Divine message.
For him, the paradox of Abraham Is not that faith must contradict reason, but that Abraham cannot be understood by rationalist philosophers in 601 Alhlkmah/ No. 1/ Winter 2008 thinking that they have gone beyond religious doubt to rational certainty.
In later Persian philosophical period, Mulla Sadra argued for a mutually Inclusive relation between faith and reason, claiming that "both of them command the same true.
Alhlkmah / No, 1 / Winter 2008 ti 1 This will make clear that, when reason seems to conflict Divine Message, it is affected by passion in its variety.
b) The Role of Science The reason purified from passion has no disagreement with Divine Message, His guidance and His command.
It cannot be refuted that knowledge of ultimate values Is crucial for the right ways of life and the unrestricted growth of the self.
To choose the higher value Is an act of faith; a conviction In God and In the Hereafter which Is confirmed by pure reason.
In this way, one may tell that the rational knowledge regarding ultimate values can be accomplished and confirmed by Divine message.
In the mentality of man, the Quran seeks to Implant faith in the heart of reason-faith In God who sustains the universe, which reveals a few of the infinity of His aspects; Faith in the reality of the human self and In Its unlimited capacity for development; Faith in the absolute values which set the goal to both human attempt and cosmic process; and finally faith In a purposive life.