The intention has been to present In this book as much of the variety of Islamic philosophy as possible, and to represent It as a continuing and living tradition of philosophical work, not a dead and completed doctrine from the Middle Ages.
What distinct Islamic phllosophers from Greek philosophers, Is that Muslims founded their own philosophy based on a presentation of the Divine Existence, having never been reached by Plato and Aristotle before.
is Islamic, will produce thinkers who will frame their philosophical principles in a universe dominated by the Qur'anic revelation and the manifestation of the nature of the Divine Principle as the One. In such a world, a philosophical tradition was created which acted as catalyst for the rise of medieval Jewish philosophy and had a profound impact upon both philosophy and theology in the Christian West.
For example, the question of how It Is possible to know God wlll take a particular form within an Islamic context, given the emphasis on the unity of God. What Is philosophical about the discussion Is Its use of very abstract concepts to make sense of the Idea of such knowledge.
Moreover, In metaphyslcsthey developed a philosophy of nature within a general world view In order to create a close relationship between various forms and branches of the sciences and to relate multiplicity to unlty·17 The Islamic philosophers 1341 Alhlkm1h/ Na,1/ Winter 2008 developed an ethical system based not only on 'rational e,thlcs' but on the specific teachings of the Qur'an.